forebrain dysgenesis follows early prenatal ethanol exposure in mice.
Descriptive terminology follows Mattoni & Acosta (2005) for the hemispermatophores, Vachon (1974) for the trichobothria, and Francke (1977) for the metasomal carinae, abbreviated as follows: DL: dorsolateral; LIM: lateral inframedian; LSM: lateral supramedian; VSM: ventral submedian; VL: ventrolateral; VM: ventromedian.
Legs: smooth tegument, with two well developed and symmetrical pedal spurs; telotarsi low and elongated, with a ventromedian row of hyaline setae of the same length as the VL spines, and with well developed ventrolateral spines; spinal formula typical of the group: tarsus I: 1-1 (n = 15); tarsus II: 2-2 (n = 15), tarsus III: 4-4 in most specimens (n = 13), but in some cases there is one additional external spine 4-5 (n = 2), tarsus IV: 4-5 in most specimens (n = 12), but in some specimens there is an additional internal spine 5-5 (n = 3); telotarsal ungues symmetrical, very curved.
Nasal cavity extending medially, separated from contralateral structure by thin ventromedian lamina of mesethmoid.
Ventromedian projection from prootics extending between bilateral rami of basisphenoid.
The granulation, ventromedian, and ventrolateral carinae of metasomal segment V are less developed compared with those of the preceding segments such that the segment has a shinier, rounded appearance in R.
Segment V, dorsosubmedian carinae absent; dorsolateral and ventrolateral carinae continuous, costate-granular, granules subequal; ventrosubmedian carinae obsolete, granular, reduced to anterior half of segment; ventromedian carina continuous, costate-granular, granules subequal, without posterior bifurcation.
Additionally, both Odontobuthus and Apistobuthus have strongly modified ventromedian
carinae on metasoma II-III, and Odontobuthus, Leiurus and Apistobuthus have lateral carinae on tergites I-II that are either V-shaped, or split into a pair of carinae (in the case of Leiurus).
martensii, the ventromedian
carinae of the metasomal segment II and III are crenulate and the granules are evenly developed; the ventrolateral carinae of the metasomal segment V are serratocrenulate and the granules are evenly developed or slightly increasing in size posteriorly; the pedipalp chela is slender with Cl/Cw = 4.
4): dorsolateral carinae strong, granular, serrate on distal third; lateromedian carinae strong, serrate on basal half, then weakening to disappear in distal third; ventrolateral and ventromedian
carinae strong, serrate.
15-18), however, the latter shows a pair of ventromedian
chetae on Segment III that is absent in the bonariensis group.
cekalovici because it lacks the ventromedian
carina of the fifth metasomal segment (Fig.