ventricular hypertrophy


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Related to ventricular hypertrophy: Right ventricular hypertrophy

hypertrophy

 [hi-per´tro-fe]
increase in volume of a tissue or organ produced entirely by enlargement of existing cells. See also hyperplasia and proliferation. adj., adj hypertro´phic.
asymmetrical septal hypertrophy
2. the term is sometimes limited to cases of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in which the hypertrophy is localized to the interventricular septum. See also hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy.
benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH) age-associated enlargement of the prostate resulting from proliferation of glandular and stromal elements, beginning generally in the fifth decade of life; it may cause urethral compression and obstruction. Called also benign prostatic hyperplasia and nodular hyperplasia of the prostate.
cardiac hypertrophy enlargement of myocardial cells and hyperplasia of nonmuscular cardiac components due to pressure and volume overload and sometimes to neurohumoral factors.
compensatory hypertrophy that which results from an increased workload due to some physical defect, such as in an organ where one part is defective, or in one kidney when the other is absent or nonfunctional.
functional hypertrophy hypertrophy of an organ or part caused by its increased activity.
ventricular hypertrophy hypertrophy of the myocardium of a ventricle, due to chronic pressure overload; it is manifest electrocardiographically by increased QRS complex voltage, frequently accompanied by repolarization changes.

ven·tric·u·lar hy·per·tro·phy

(ven-trikyū-lăr hī-pĕrtrō-fē)
Thickening of the ventricles, the portion of the heart that pumps blood.
References in periodicals archive ?
The myocardial infarction size was not sufficiently large to induce right ventricular hypertrophy, but there was significant left ventricular remodeling in the placebo-treated animals.
Indeed, published data indicate that increased plasma BNP (10-17) and NT-proBNP (10,18) concentrations are associated with left ventricular systolic and diastolic dysfunction, left ventricular dilatation, left ventricular hypertrophy, pulmonary hypertension, and significant valve disease in asymptomatic or mildly symptomatic patients with arterial hypertension.
Schunkert notes that there's no proof that the left ventricular hypertrophy seen in people with white-coat hypertension is as risky as that observed in those with chronic high blood pressure.
Electrocardiographic findings: The prevalence of electrocardiographic left ventricular hypertrophy was 28% in elderly hypertensives (7/25) and 4% in normotensive controls (1/25) (p < 0.001).
A 54-year-old woman (8 points) with total cholesterol of 227 (2 points), HDL ("good") cholesterol of 52 (-1 point), and systolic blood pressure of 131 (2 points), who doesn't smoke (0 points), have diabetes (0 points) or have left ventricular hypertrophy (0 points), ends up with a total of 11 points.
Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) detected either by electrocardiography or echocardiography, has long been recognised as a powerful predictor of serious cardiovascular sequelae.
The left ventricle appeared normal in size with significant left ventricular hypertrophy mainly involving the mid segments.
Tetrology of fallot is a well recognized congenital heart disease and involves the combination of ventricular septal defect, overriding aorta, right ventricular hypertrophy and pulmonary stenosis5.
either physiologic or pathologic left ventricular hypertrophy: a Doppler tissue study.
"Importantly, left ventricular hypertrophy among football players was strongly associated with resting blood pressure suggesting that heart remodeling in some athletes may be due to what happens off the playing field," he said.
During a follow-up period as long as 24 years (with a median 9-year follow-up), 236 men who had left ventricular hypertrophy and were within the lower 50th percentile of physical fitness were 20% more likely to die, compared with 225 men in a reference group who did not have left ventricular hypertrophy and also had a low level of fitness.
Q I have mild left ventricular hypertrophy that was discovered on a stress test.

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