41-42) elongate, reaches to apex of aedeagus, dorsal margin and ventral margin parallel, ventral margin bent ventrad
in apical 1/5, with a sharp point in lateral view; lateral margins parallel in dorsal view; anal styles relatively long, slightly surpass apex of anal tube in dorsal view.
7) somewhat rectangular but widest just ventrad
of midheight, thereafter tapered ventrally; surstylus apparently fused to ventral margin of epandrium as a tapered, ventral projection; cerci robustly developed, 2 x as high as wide in posterior view (Fig.
Nares 2-pored bilaterally; brood pouch protecting plates present and enlarged; male brood pouch with eggs in holotype; margins of pouch folds directed ventrad
, as in pouch closure for everted type of Herald (1959); brood pouch originating on anterior margin of first tail ring; membranous egg compartments beginning on first tail ring; pouch depth about 1/4 maximum tail depth; eggs well developed, large, in several layers.
Tegulum slightly spiraled perpendicularly to the main palpal axis, towards the tip of the cymbium, with distal laminar, triangular projection, bent at the tip and bearing a small hyaline protuberance and a serrated keel at the base of a filiform embolus, curved prolaterally dorsad, running a semicircle behind tegulum, appearing retrolaterally and pointing ventrad
in the male palp (Figs.
There are low shoulder clavae that do not rise ventrad
of the venter, and there are low, umbilical swellings at the umbilical ends of the ribs.
qiana Chen & He 2010 (China: Guizhou, Yunnan), but differs from the latter in: clypeus yellowish white (clypeus with apical half brown to fuscous in qiana); basal margin of pygofer in ventral view incised in middle (not incised in qiana), aedeagus with phallobase in ventral view with a strong spine-like process at mid line, directed basad, lateral margins dentate, left lobe at apex dividing into 4 small processes, right lobe at apex diving into 5 small processes (aedeagus with phallobase in ventral view, each ventral lobe with 4 or 5 spines at ventral side subapically, 2 large forked processes arising from near middle of lateral margin, inner branch with 3 teeth at apex, outer branch with apex acute, curving ventrad
apically in qiana).
WSA-2238-B is an unusually robust specimen with strong, rectiradiate ribs that slowly expand ventrad
and cross over the venter without diminution.
Aedeagus as in generic description, with shaft curved ventrad
furnished with retrorse small spines, periandrum obtusely bent caudally at apical third; a small slightly sclerotized plate contacts the periandrum with the ventral margin of the anal segment; connective stout, long, length/wide 10:1 (Fig.
Proepisternum: Subrectangular, propleural suture straight, distinct; proepimeron strongly depressed medially, margin ventrad
of humeral angle deeply incised.
1) median apophysis (ma) with distal, curved sickle-shaped dorsal division (dd) narrow, tapered, with tip conspicuous, and directed ventrad
, a small, rounded ventral division (vd) of variable size but shape distinctive for each species; retrolateral tibial apophysis (rta) arising distally and laterally from near the ventro-distal rim (vr) with ectal division (ecd) divided into two subdivisions, dorsal one longer and curved and ental division (end) partly surrounded by ventral cymbio-tibial membrane (vcm); tibial ventral rim (vr) of ventral protuberance (vp) folded over to create a particularly deep depression in the ventral cymbio-tibial membrane (vcm).
Forewings with oblique nodal line, apical portion flexing ventrad
at this line, basal portion somewhat sub-hyaline, with or without granulate, thicker than apical portion, costal cell without cross veins.
Thoracic pleura and sterna: Each side of proepisterna provided anteriorly with a thick collarlike tumescent ridge delimited by deep transverse furrow, posterior margin of mesopleurite roundedly projecting posteriad just ventrad
of humeri; mesopleuron without peculiarities; metapleuron with a well-developed scent gland ostiole situated slightly mediad to middle of metapleuron, associated with a long, evenly curved peritreme of various length (Fig.