ventilator-induced lung injury


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Related to ventilator-induced lung injury: atelectrauma

ventilator-induced lung injury

Volutrauma Those changes related to ventilatory support of Pts with acute respiratory failure and/or ARDS, which may exacerbate already compromised pulmonary function Management Permissive hypercapnia, see there.

ventilator-induced lung injury

Abbreviation: VILI
Injury to alveoli or alveolar capillaries caused by high airway pressures, excessive tidal volumes, or repeated expansion and collapse of the alveoli during mechanical ventilation. It can produce local inflammatory lung destruction and the release of inflammatory molecules throughout the systemic circulation.
See also: injury
References in periodicals archive ?
Another method includes potentially extubating patients while on ECMO, the so-called “awake ECMO” mode,[sup][17] thereby avoiding the damaging effects of ventilator-induced lung injury and the risk of ventilator-associated pneumonia.
Mechanical ventilation (MV), a crucial supported and therapeutic technique for surviving patients with acute or chronic respiratory failure, either with a very large or moderate or even small tidal volumes (VTs) could induce lung injury, which is known as ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI).
In the context of ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI), little mention or concern is expressed for minute ventilation (VE), the product of frequency and tidal volume.