ventilator-induced lung injury


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Related to ventilator-induced lung injury: atelectrauma

ventilator-induced lung injury

Volutrauma Those changes related to ventilatory support of Pts with acute respiratory failure and/or ARDS, which may exacerbate already compromised pulmonary function Management Permissive hypercapnia, see there.

ventilator-induced lung injury

Abbreviation: VILI
Injury to alveoli or alveolar capillaries caused by high airway pressures, excessive tidal volumes, or repeated expansion and collapse of the alveoli during mechanical ventilation. It can produce local inflammatory lung destruction and the release of inflammatory molecules throughout the systemic circulation.
See also: injury
References in periodicals archive ?
Tidal volume reduction for prevention of ventilator-induced lung injury in acute respiratory distress syndrome.
Resulting alveolar instability predisposes to creation of high-stress foci and to ventilator-induced lung injury.
T] has been proven to attenuate ventilator-induced lung injury and improve outcome, and this process has therefore been generalised as a lung protective strategy (1).