ventilator-associated pneumonia


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ventilator-associated pneumonia

In patients receiving invasive mechanical ventilation, a new and persistent infiltrate seen on chest x-ray associated with fever, elevated or depressed white blood cell counts, and sputum that is either purulent or full of disease-causing bacteria. Synonym: artificial airway-associated pneumonia
See also: pneumonia
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners
References in periodicals archive ?
Diagnosis of ventilator-associated pneumonia: Controversies and working toward a gold standard.
Impact of combination therapy and early de-escalation on outcome of ventilator-associated pneumonia caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
Ventilator-associated pneumonia: Caveats for benchmarking.
Continuous subglottic suctioning for the prevention of ventilator-associated pneumonia. Chest 2001;119(1):228-35.
C-reactive protein and procalcitonin as predictors of survival and septic shock in ventilator-associated pneumonia. Eur Respir J 2010;35:805-11.
Effect of frequency of ventilator circuit changes (3 vs 7 days) on the rate of ventilator-associated pneumonia in PICU.
Klompas et al., "Management of adults with hospital-acquired and ventilator-associated pneumonia: 2016 clinical practice guidelines by the Infectious Diseases Society of America and the American Thoracic Society," Clinical Infectious Diseases, vol.
Impact of appropriate antimicrobial treatment on transition from ventilator-associated tracheobronchitis to ventilator-associated pneumonia. Crit Care 2014 Jun; 18(3):R129.
Ughi et al., "Ventilator-associated pneumonia in an Italian pediatric intensive care unit: A prospective study," World Journal of Pediatrics, vol.
Although there have been advances in preventing ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP), it remains the most prevalent nosocomial infection in intensive care units (ICU).