It is also important to note that adaptation to stress depends on the intensity and type of the handling experience , hence, repeated venepuncture
could have contributed to confounding effects on cortisol levels .
They were admitted to the general paediatric ward or day-care of a tertiary medical centre requiring venepuncture
. Since the memory of children at that age is still at a developing phase, it is possible that they may be naive towards the procedures.
Finally, patients would ideally have been rested prior to venepuncture
to avoid activity-related changes in platelet function; unfortunately, it was not possible to mandate this in the acute stroke unit/busy TIA clinic environment.
Using a standard venepuncture
technique, 4 mL human blood samples were collected from consenting workers.
and Cannulation: A Practical Guide Nicola Brooks
An 88-year-old woman was admitted with a history of generally feeling unwell and bruising in both forearms which started a week ago after a routine venepuncture
at the GP surgery.
Before and after loading, resting venous blood samples for serum phosphate determination were collected via venepuncture
of an antecubital vein in the forearm.
They are often inserted into patients with poor venous access who require frequent blood sampling, thus preventing damage to the peripheral vessels due to multiple, unsuccessful attempts at venepuncture
(Nichols & Humphrey, 2008).
In addition to reactivation of the scars in traumatic scar areas, scar sarcoidosis has been reported at the sites of intramuscular injections, tattoos, venepuncture
, healed herpes zoster lesions, ritual scarification, and desensitization injections (9-11).
, described below) of children with ASD undergoing venepuncture
, observers estimated pain intensity using a visual analogue scale.
The process of venepuncture
[surgical puncture of a vein for the withdrawal of blood] can be a source of uneasiness.
Subjects were fasted for 12 hours and rested for 10 minutes in the seated position prior to the venepuncture
. Hematological parameters were measured by using KX - 21 Sysmex Automated Hematology Analyzer.