The lack of plasticity in vegetative reproduction
despite other changes in growth could indicate vegetative reproduction
may be more affected by species-specific constraints than by environment or changes in plant size.
Some vegetative rosettes (20 of 120, 17%) had [greater than or equal to] 5 cladodes the first year they were seen, because fission is scored as vegetative reproduction
Probably, this unexpected result could be explained by processes occurred after seed germination or vegetative reproduction
and human management type by the local communities.
Although most vegetative reproduction
occurs by budding from the parent stem or from rhizomes or stolons, some plants are capable of vegetatively (asexually) reproducing via modified leaves.
To assess patterns of resource allocation, we measured sexual reproduction (flower and fruit production), and vegetative reproduction
Individuals derived by vegetative reproduction
begin with a larger food supply than do those derived from seed and reach maturity more quickly (Abrahamson, 1980).
Otherwise, vegetative reproduction
is the best option for most other states [ILLUSTRATION FOR FIGURE 2B OMITTED], as parents start up clonal offspring that can grow independently and take advantage of surrounding conditions that are at least as rich as those in the parent's patch.
The majority of these varieties can only be reproduced by vegetative reproduction
, such as cuttings, as seeds do not breed true and often the exact parentage is unknown - Leyland Cypress being a common example.
, clonal spread, and histocompatibility in a Caribbean gorgonian.
Therefore, most tiller recruitment occurs via vegetative reproduction
from belowground axillary buds (i.
In addition to this, some plants, due to genetic reasons (incompatibility between pollen grain and gynoecium, polyploid) or undesirable environmental conditions (such as inappropriateness of temperature and relative humidity for pollination) don't produce seed and the vegetative reproduction
must be used to proliferate them.
Fire simultaneously affects sexual reproduction, vegetative reproduction
, seedling establishment, individual size, growth, and mortality.