vascular headache


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

headache

 [hed´āk]
pain in the head; see also migraine. One of the most common ailments of humans, it is a symptom rather than a disorder in itself; it accompanies many diseases and conditions, including emotional distress. Although recurring headache may be an early sign of serious organic disease, relatively few headaches are caused by disease-induced structural changes. Most result from vasodilation of blood vessels in tissues surrounding the brain, or from tension in the neck and scalp muscles.

Immediate attention by a health care provider is indicated when (1) a severe headache comes on suddenly without apparent cause; (2) there are accompanying symptoms of neurological abnormality, for example, blurring of vision, mental confusion, loss of mental acuity or consciousness, motor dysfunction, or sensory loss; or (3) the headache is highly localized, as behind the eye or near the ear, or in one location in the head. Fever and stiffness of the neck accompanying the headache may indicate meningitis.
cluster headache a migraine-like disorder marked by attacks of unilateral intense pain over the eye and forehead, with flushing and watering of the eyes and nose; attacks last about an hour and occur in clusters.
exertional headache one occurring after exercise.
histamine headache cluster headache.
lumbar puncture headache headache in the erect position, and relieved by recumbency, following lumbar puncture, due to lowering of intracranial pressure by leakage of cerebrospinal fluid through the needle tract.
migraine headache migraine.
organic headache headache due to intracranial disease or other organic disease.
tension headache a type due to prolonged overwork or emotional strain, or both, affecting especially the occipital region.
toxic headache headache due to systemic poisoning or associated with illness.
vascular headache a classification for certain types of headaches, based on a proposed etiology involving abnormal functioning of the blood vessels or vascular system of the brain; included are migraine, cluster headache, toxic headache, and headache caused by elevated blood pressure.

mi·graine

(mī'grān, mi-grān'),
A familial, recurrent syndrome characterized usually by unilateral head pain, accompanied by various focal disturbances of the nervous system, particularly in regard to visual phenomenon, such as scintillating scotomas. Classified as classic migraine, common migraine, cluster headache, hemiplegic migraine, ophthalmoplegic migraine, and ophthalmic migraine.
[through O. Fr., fr. G. hēmi- krania, pain on one side of the head, fr. hēmi-, half, + kranion, skull]

vascular headache

a classification for certain types of headaches, based on a proposed cause involving abnormal functioning of the blood vessels or vascular system of the brain; included are migraine, cluster headache, toxic headache, and headache caused by elevated blood pressure.

vascular headache

Neurology A headache–eg, migraine–attributed to arterial hypersensitivity to various triggers that cause vasospasm or vasoconstriction or vasodilation, which evokes throbbing pain. See Migraine.
References in periodicals archive ?
Methodology: In this quasi-control clinical trial study, 50 women in the productive age - who had iron deficiency anemia and vascular headaches and were referred to the neurological clinic of Vali-e-Asr hospital, Arak, Iran were included.
Conclusion: It seems that using iron tablets can be useful in treatment of vascular headaches.
KEY WORDS: Migraine, Vascular headaches, Tension headaches, Iron deficiency anemia.
Treatment effect of iron tablets on women in productive age with iron deficiency anemia and vascular headaches.
Migraine is the most common form of vascular headaches which does not have a certain physiopathology, but heredity with a multi-genes design plays an important role.
Blanchard EB, Appelbaum KA, Nicholson NL, et al: A controlled evaluation of the addition of cognitive therapy to a home-based biofeedback and relaxation treatment of vascular headache.
Sutures are a prime location for adhesions and restrictions can play a role in both musculoskeletal and vascular headaches.
Although very effective for tension headaches, working the suboccipital region has sometimes been observed to worsen vascular headaches, perhaps because it may increase cranial circulation.
Other vascular headaches in athletes typically occur with prolonged exercise and often have neurological symptoms such as the visual disturbance you describe.
Midrin(R) (isometheptene mucate, USP, dichloralphenazone, USP and acetaminophen, USP) is indicated for relief of tension and vascular headaches.
Prestorm conditions, barometric changes and winds create an excess of positive ions, he says, that can alter cerebral serotonin levels and bring on vascular headaches.
Sandomigran (pizotifen) and Sandomigran DS (pizotifen double strength) are indicated for prevention of vascular headaches, including migraines.