varus knee


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Related to varus knee: valgus knee

varus knee

A lateral alignment of the femur and tibia of greater than 195°.
Synonym: genu varum See: varus
See also: knee
References in periodicals archive ?
(2014) A sex comparison of ambulatory mechanics relevant to osteoarthritis in individuals with and without asymptomatic varus knee alignment.
During TKA for varus knees, the medial collateral ligament is released frequently and osteophytes at the medial femoral chondyle and tibial plateau were removed to enable proper coronal ligament balance, resulting in an increase in medial ligamentous laxity.
Plantar fasciitis affected runners with varus hindfoot, with cavus foot, and with varus knee, while valgus had a protective role against this disease.
Among the patients who had varus knee alignment, those who also had varus thrust when walking had a 3-fold increased risk of worsening osteoarthritis, compared with patients who had varus alignment but no varus thrust.
In addition, this situation that the patient had the fracture of medial cortex in the tibia with varus knee had a dynamic disadvantage for bone union.
Medial-sided bone marrow lesions were significantly correlated with varus knee alignment and lateral sided bone marrow lesions were likewise correlated with valgus alignment.
Because the weightbearing axis of the lower extremity follows the mechanical axis, a varus knee will experience a shift in the joint compressive pressures towards the medial compartment, and the valgus knee will, similarly, experience a shift of the joint compressive pressures toward the lateral compartment.
Valgus-producing high tibial osteotomy (HTO) is designed to treat varus knee deformities (Fig.
The single varus knee includes injury to the cartilage and meniscus that allows the medial joint line to close down, shifting the mechanical axis medial;