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 [vār´ĭ-sēz] (L.)
plural of varix.


Plural of varix.


/var·i·ces/ (var´ĭ-sēz) [L.] plural of varix.


Plural of varix.


See varix.


Plural of varix Any widely dilated vein, commonly, the saphenous veins, dilated through the viscissitudes of pregnancy, childbirth, life in general and esophagus. See Esophageal varices, Varicose veins.


Plural of varix.


(var'iks) (var'i-sez?) plural.varices [L., twisted or dilated vein]
1. A tortuous dilatation of a vein. See: varicose vein
2. Less commonly, dilatation of an artery or lymph vessel.

aneurysmal varix

A direct communication between an artery and a varicose vein without an intervening sac.

arterial varix

A varicosity or dilation of an artery.

chyle varix

A varix of a lymphatic vessel that conveys chyle.
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esophageal varix

A tortuous dilatation of an esophageal vein, esp. in the distal portion. It results from any condition that causes portal hypertension, typically cirrhosis of the liver. Müller's maneuver; illustration


If an esophageal varix bursts, massive hemorrhage occurs, and the patient may die within minutes.


Medical treatment includes administration of a beta blocker, such as nadolol, with a nitrate, such as isosorbide, to lower portal pressures and decrease the likelihood of variceal bleeding. Invasive therapies include the injection of sclerosing agents or rubber banding of the dilated vein.

Patient care

Bleeding esophageal varices constitute a medical emergency, requiring immediate treatment to control hemorrhage and prevent hypovolemic shock. The patient’s vital signs, SaO2, ABGs, electrolyte and fluid volume balance, and level of consciousness are closely monitored. Intravenous access must be established promptly and fluid resuscitation, followed by transfusion and the administration of plasma are critical to early stabilization of the patient. Medical therapies also include the use of vasoconstricting drugs, such as vasopression. Endoscopy is used to identify the site of the ruptured vessels which may then be treated with sclerotherapy, ligation, or banding.

Surgical procedures to prevent rebleeding include portocaval or mesocaval shunts, portosystemic anastomosis, splenorenal shunting or liver transplantation. All procedures are explained, sensation messages provided, and reassurance and emotional support offered.

lymphaticus varix

Dilatation of a lymphatic vessel.

turbinal varix

Permanent dilatation of veins of turbinate bodies.


Varicosities. Swollen, twisted and distorted lengths of vessels, usually veins. Veins affected by varices are called VARICOSE VEINS and these are commonest in the legs. Oesophageal varices are the varicosities of the veins at the lower end of the OESOPHAGUS that occur when the portal vein drainage through the liver is impeded by CIRRHOSIS. They are liable to cause dangerous bleeding. The singular form of the word is varix.


A type of varicose vein that develops in veins in the linings of the esophagus and upper stomach when these veins fill with blood and swell due to an increase in blood pressure in the portal veins.


[L.] plural of varix.
References in periodicals archive ?
Firstly, to reduce the risk of further bleeding by establishing non-selective B blockade and continued banding of the varices until they are eradicated.
Common causes of upper GI haemorrhage in HCC patients include bleeding gastro-oesophageal varices, peptic ulcers, congestive gastropathy and gastric erosions.
Ellie gets medication including morphine for the pain she is in but the varices are full of blood and when they burst she has to be resuscitated.
Endoscopic band ligation of oesophageal varices has been developed and adapted for use with the flexible endoscope.
In our study we have investigated the possible predictive value of certain ultrasound parameters of portal vein for the assessment of risk of bleeding oesophageal varices with liver cirrhosis and portal hypertension by comparing ultrasonographic and upper GI endoscopic findings.
Farmaconal, a distributor of medical equipment and disposable material for clinics and hospitals, is seeking distributors/ manufacturers of: Lines of: Socks for varices, strips for liposuction, specialized and simple kneepads; Home health products: weights, pillows, cushions, vasculas, seats, etc.
It was found to be valuable for the detection of esophageal pathologies, mainly Barrett esophagus and esophageal varices, (12,13) though bigger, multicenter, prospective studies are needed.
spontaneous bacterial peritonitis [SPB]), hepatorenal syndrome, and esophageal varices.
GERMANY--Some studies have been published about esophageal varices in autopsies, but little has been written about outpatient characteristics associated with fatal esophageal variceal hemorrhage (EVH) in a medicolegal population.
The affected patients are those who had infant melana, vitamin K deficiency, hepatic cirrhosis, fulminant hepatitis and esophageal varices, and other patients who had massive bleeding during surgery or during childbirth, health ministry officials said.
As a result of the condition, he had developed varices - swollen, enlarged veins in his stomach - and one of the varices had split.