Tidapur and Karsten Konig of Friedrich Schiller University in Jena, Germany, described vaporizing
tiny spots in the membranes of rodent cells immersed in a solution containing the gene for a fluorescent protein.
Waters suspects that polyisobutylene changes the surface tension of fuel droplets, preventing short hydrocarbons from immediately vaporizing
when gasoline is sprayed into the engine.
Many organic pollutants leapfrog the globe, periodically vaporizing
from sites on the surface to ride the winds in a slow, polar-bound trek (SN: 3/16/96, p.
Located at the Sandia National Laboratories in Albuquerque, the Z machine sends an enormous blast of electricity through an array of parallel wires a few centimeters across, vaporizing
the strands and generating a powerful magnetic field that dramatically compresses the resulting plasma.
Johnson and his colleagues at the IBM Almaden Research Center in San Jose, Calif., create such metallofullerenes by drilling a hole in a graphite rod, stuffing the hole with a mixture of graphite and metal powders, then vaporizing
the rod with an electric arc.
Chemists typically produce these molecules by vaporizing
carbon to form a soot containing a mixture of carbon compounds.