vampirism


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A term that has been applied to a broad array of conditions and situations that the original authors of various reports linked to some aspect of mythical blood-sucking human vampires, or the fictional Count Dracula
Lab medicine Anaemia of investigation, iatrogenic anaemia, nosocomial anaemia, vampirism A fanciful and completely unnecessary synonym for hypochromic anaemia resulting from multiple phlebotomies, which is especially common in ITU/ICU patients
Anaemia of investigation can be reduced in frequency and severity by using paediatric—2.5–3.0 mL—instead of adult sized—4.5–10 mL—blood collection tubes
Medspeak A term coined in 1995 referring to the decrease of serum proteins—hypoalbuminemia and lipids-hypocholesterolemia—which was linked to sufferers’ frequent sale of plasma
Medical history Porphyria has been proposed as an explanation for the vampire legend, based on certain real or perceived similarities between the two. The similarities between porphyria and vampire syndrome include (1) photosensitivity/sensitivity to the sunlight, resulting in skin pallor in both; (2) congenital erythropoietic porphyria is characterised by very high levels of red-brown or burgundy-red porphyrin pigments with an affinity for calcium phosphate, resulting in incorporation into the teeth during odontogenesis. Permanent teeth range from pink to rare cases of red-brown or purple; (3) madness, sober moods and depression; (4) its occurrence in royals—e.g., Mary Queen of Scots, her father, James V—and, farther east and more linked to the legend, its occurrence in Vlad III the Impaler, aka Prince of Wallachia, aka Dracula; the alleged occurrence of porphyria in George III is far from proven. Systemic lupus has some vampire features, but is not traditionally linked to the vampire myth
Psychiatry Clinical vampirism A deviant behaviour in which blood is ingested, variably accompanied by necrophilia, often in a background of schizophrenia, psychosis, sadomasochism, cultism—e.g., voodoo rituals, cannibalism, fetishism or drug intoxication. See Necrophilia
Psychology Psychic vampire A morose person who, Dracula-like, sucks the life out of others because of his/her negative attitudes. They are gloomy, self-centred and can’t be helped
Sexual health A term of art referring to what some regard as a myth of male child sexual assault, i.e, that boys who are sexually abused, like the victims of Count Dracula, will go on to bite—i.e., sexually abuse—others

vampirism

The practice of drinking blood Clinical medicine A quasi-facetious term for excessive blood tests, which causes iatrogenic anemia. See Anemia of investigation Psychiatry A deviant behavior in which blood is ingested, variably accompanied by necrophilia, often in a background of schizophrenia, psychosis, sadomasochism, cult–eg, voodoo rituals, cannibalism, fetishism or drug intoxication. See Necrophilia.
References in periodicals archive ?
As Van Helsing reminds us, the Count is a transmogrifying, cross-species vampire whose ability to materialise in animal form invites a more zoocentric reading of the allegory of vampirism in the novel, extending its reach and the Count's sphere of influence to animals like the dog, a disguise he assumes to disembark the Demeter and while 'howling all night under [Harker's] window' in Klausenburgh (28).
In Meyer's creation of so-called vegetarian vampires that are actually carnivores, the natures of both vampirism and vegetarianism become muddled and contradictory to the point that neither signifier actually means what it means.
That Brutus, like his hated son, participates in an act of vampirism suggests that the republicans may be no better than the royalists they replace" (128-29).
Dovetailing the historical and the supernatural, the script hinges on the metaphoric linking of two unholy scourges, slavery and vampirism.
To be sure, folkloric accounts of lamiae, strigae, and incubi predate the Christian era and continued to haunt the European imagination throughout the Middle Ages, when vampirism was generally associated with witchcraft.
4] A movie about human dignity and empathy, Vampire intertwines an artistic film style with music to display the grittiness of death, the true meaning of vampirism and the depth of human caring and compassion that can be found within all of us--blood drinkers or not.
As John Allen Stevenson argued in the case of Dracula, where Dracula's vampirism bestows his human "partners" with a new racial identity and "new loyalties" ("A Vampire in the Mirror: The Sexuality of Dracula", PMLA 103.
Well, legend has it that vampirism existed in India during the times of the Ramayan, in fact, the baan that Lord Ram shot, out of which the waters of Baanganga sprouted, was really shot to stake a vamper in the heart.
The paper is to be continued, with additional examples demonstrating a shift in the nature of the revenant towards vampirism, in part two of this volume.
Daybreakers is a gory film that loses track as the hero Edward ( Ethan Hawke), a hematologist, decides to try and find a cure for vampirism.
A true Twilight saga has been played out at the Bulgarian Parliament when a MP from ruling party GERB, Plamen Tsekov accused of vampirism his colleague from the Bulgarian Socialist Party, Maya Manolova.
They have an alternative solution to the blood crisis: cure vampirism.