valley fever


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to valley fever: Rift Valley fever

coccidioidomycosis

 [kok-sid″e-oi″do-mi-ko´sis]
a fungal disease caused by infection with Coccidioides immitis. The fungus grows in hot, dry areas, especially in the southwestern United States, Mexico, and parts of Central and South America. Called also coccidioidosis and California disease. The disease occurs in a primary and in a secondary form. Primary coccidioidomycosis (called also valley fever and san joaquin valley fever) is due to inhalation of windborne spores and varies in severity from symptoms like those of the common cold to influenzalike symptoms. Secondary coccidioidomycosis is a virulent, chronic, progressive, granulomatous disease resulting in involvement of cutaneous and subcutaneous tissues, viscera, central nervous system, and lungs. Treatment consists primarily of rest. Antibiotics may be given to prevent secondary bacterial infection. Amphotericin B or ketoconazole may be used to reduce risk of extrapulmonary dissemination or in the hope of having a remission after dissemination occurs.

pri·mar·y coc·cid·i·oi·do·my·co·sis

a disease common in the San Joaquin Valley of California and certain additional areas in the southwestern U.S. as well as the Chaco region of Argentina, caused by inhalation of the arthroconidia of Coccidioides immitis; acute onset of respiratory symptoms accompanied by fever, aches, malaise, arthralgia, headache, and occasionally an early erythematous or papular eruption; erythema multiforme or erythema nodosum may appear.

valley fever

A form of primary coccidioidomycosis, first described in San Joaquin Valley, California, and most common in white females
Diagnosis IgM antibody to mycelial phase antigen, coccidioidin, increased complement fixation antibody, increased latex agglutination
Management Ketoconazole, amphotericin B, miconazole

valley fever

A form of 1º coccidioidomycosis, first described in San Joaquin Valley, California, most common in white ♀ Clinical Fever, cough, pleuritic pain, arthralgia, erythema multiforme or nodosum Diagnosis IgM antibody to mycelial phase antigen, coccidioidin, ↑ Cf antibody, ↑ latex agglutination Management Ketoconazole, amphotericin B, miconazole.

val·ley fe·ver

(val'ē fē'vĕr)
Primary coccidiodomycosis; common in the San Joaquin Valley of California and other areas in the southwestern United States.
Synonym(s): San Joaquin Valley Fever.
References in periodicals archive ?
In general, up to 40% of humans exposed to valley fever spores develop the disease.
Complete genome analysis of 33 ecologically and biologically diverse Rift Valley fever virus strains reveals widespread virus movement and low genetic diversity due to recent common ancestry.
In Arizona, where the majority of all US valley fever cases are reported, dust was more strongly correlated with the disease than any other known factors.
Failloux, "Potential vectors of rift valley fever virus in the Mediterranean region," Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases, vol.
The serum samples were analyzed using the inhibition enzyme-linked immunoassay kit for the detection of antibody (both IgG and IgM) to Rift Valley fever virus in humans and domestic and wild ruminants (Special Pathogens Unit, National Institute for Communicable Diseases, South Africa) [26].
Furthermore, in cell cultures, it was found to inhibit the growth of other deadly viruses, like Ebola, Nipah and the Rift Valley Fever virus.
Supply of requisites for the viruses isolation and transplant, also of detection kits for the Valley Fever infection.
* New York Mets' Ike Davis Has Valley Fever [Deadspin]
12 of 2012, issued by Dr Rashid Ahmed bin Fahd, Minister of Environment and Water, will be applicable to importing of processed meat from the countries which have reported cases of foot and mouth disease and Rift Valley fever, said Assistant Undersecretary for Agricultural and Livestock Affairs said.
"We have a medical team which inspects all aircraft especially those arriving from areas infected with dengue and Rift Valley Fever to make sure that they are sprayed with disinfectants before they land at the airport." Meanwhile the first batch of pilgrims from Indonesia will be arriving at Prince Muhammad bin Abdul Aziz International Airport on Sunday.
The only two arbovirus infections for which a human vaccine is available are yellow fever and Rift Valley fever. The yellow fever vaccine is highly effective and, in terms of the International Health Regulations, travellers from areas deemed by the World Health Organization to be endemic for yellow fever must be vaccinated against the disease.

Full browser ?