vallecula


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vallecula

 [vah-lek´u-lah] (L.)
a depression or furrow.
vallecula cerebel´li a longitudinal fissure on the inferior cerebellum, in which the medulla oblongata rests.
vallecula syl´vii a depression made by the fissure of Sylvius at the base of the brain.

val·lec·u·la

, pl.

val·lec·u·lae

(vă-lek'yū-lă, -lē), [TA]
A crevice or depression on any surface, particularly the spaces between the epiglottis and the base of the tongue, right and left.
Synonym(s): valley
[L. dim. of vallis, valley]

vallecula

/val·lec·u·la/ (vah-lek´u-lah) pl. valle´culae   [L.] a depression or furrow.vallec´ular
vallecula cerebel´li  the longitudinal fissure on the inferior cerebellum, in which the medulla oblongata rests.
vallecula un´guis  the sulcus of the matrix of the nail.

vallecula

(vă-lĕk′yə-lə, və-)
n. pl. vallecu·lae (-lē′)
An anatomical depression or crevice, as between the hemispheres of the brain.

val·lec′u·lar, val·lec′u·late (-lĭt, -lāt′) adj.

vallecula

[vəlek′yələ]
Etymology: L, little valley
1 any crevice or depression on the surface of an organ or structure.
2 See vallecula epiglottica. vallecular, adj.

val·lec·u·la

, pl. valleculae (vă-lek'yū-lă, -lē) [TA]
1. A crevice or depression on any surface.
2. A sinus located between the base of the tongue and the epiglottis.
[L. dim. of vallis, valley]

vallecula

A small hollow, groove or depression on the surface of an organ.

vallecula

pl. valleculae [L.] a depression or furrow.

vallecula cerebelli
a longitudinal fissure on the caudal cerebellum, in which the medulla oblongata rests.
vallecula epiglottica
the depressions on either side of the median glossoepiglottic fold.
vallecula sylvii
a depression made by the fissure of Sylvius at the base of the brain. Called also lateral cerebral fossa.
vallecula unguis
the sulcus of the matrix of the nail.
References in periodicals archive ?
Ulceroproliferative growth involving base of tongue, left epiglottis and vallecula.
Follow-up magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans of the patient's head and neck showed lingual tonsil hypertrophy in the vallecula.
Indirect laryngoscopy showed a solitary, smooth surfaced, pale, pink, hemispherical mass of size about 1 x 1 x 1 cm seen in midline occupying the vallecula.
He was taken to the operating room for direct laryngoscopy, which detected laryngeal edema and a mass at the base of the tongue that had completely obscured the vallecula and epiglottis (figure 1).
The main idea was to design a blade so that the tip slotted into the vallecula and with some pressure on the hyoid bone the epiglottis rotated upwards thereby exposing the vocal cords.
Other sites of impaction include the vallecula, pyriform fossa, epiglottis, cricopharyngeus, and esophagus.
The pedicled fleshy mass extended anteriorly up to the circumvallate line; posteriorly, it stopped short of the vallecula and crossed the midline to the right.
In all cases, the Macintosh technique of inserting the tip of the scope into the vallecula to lift the epiglottis was used.
This condition is characterized by local bulging in the piriform recess or in a vallecula.
This examination revealed that the extremely large lingual tonsils had filled the entire vallecula and were causing the epiglottis to retroflex and approximate the posterior pharyngeal wall (figure 1).
A modified barium-swallow examination revealed a large, lucent mass extending over the midline and involving the right vallecula and epiglottis, although there was still adequate passage of the bolus around the mass (figure 3).
1,2) Common sites of impaction are the lower tonsillar pole, base of the tongue, vallecula, and cervical esophagus.