valerian


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va·le·ri·an

(vă-lē'rē-ăn),
1. The rhizome and roots of Valeriana officinalis (family Valerianaceae), a herb native to southern Europe and northern Asia, cultivated also in the U.K. and the U.S.; has been used as a sedative in hysteria and at menopause.
2. Referring to a class of terpene alkaloids obtained from valerian (1).
Synonym(s): vandal root

valerian

(və-lîr′ē-ən)
n.
1. Any of several plants of the family Valerianaceae, especially Valeriana officinalis, native to Eurasia and widely cultivated for its small, fragrant, white to pink or lavender flowers and for use in medicine.
2. The dried rhizomes of Valeriana officinalis, used medicinally as a sedative.

valerian

Herbal medicine
A perennial herb that contains alkaloids, actinidine, choline, glycoside, resins, tannins, valepotriates, valerenic acid and volatile oils (including limonene); it is antispasmodic, antitussive, and sedative, and may act on the central nervous system. Valerian has been used for anxiety, colic, dandruff, dyspepsia, headaches, hypertension, insomnia, menstrual cramping, nervousness, stress and tachyarrhythmias.
 
Toxicity
Valerian should not be given to infants, and should be used with caution in pregnant women; in excess, it may cause headaches, irritability and blurred vision.

va·le·ri·an

(vă-ler'ē-ăn)
An herb (Valeriana officinalis) that is used to treat anxiety, insomnia, sleep disorders, and restlessness due to nervous disorders.
References in periodicals archive ?
* Choose a permanent site for growing valerian seeds outdoors.
Much of the film is devoted to rather leaden banter between the duo -- but the real Achilles' heel in Valerian is the climax, and the last half-hour in general (that said, the film feels shorter than its 137-minute running time).
Set in the futuristic year of 2740, 'Valerian and the City of a Thousand Planets' follows Maj.
Valerian And The City Of A Thousand Planets brazenly melds elements of Star Wars and Avatar to explore the destruction of otherworldly races in the 28th century.
Rihanna, 29, took to Instagram to share a photo with "Valerian" co-star Cara Delevingne, which was submerged with comments about her weight change, with one user referring to the singer as a "Disgustingggggg Pink cow."  "Omg stop eating riri," another Instagrammer added.
One time, I found this magazine called 'Pilote.' Inside, I discovered 'Valerian and Laureline.' I thought, 'Oh my God, what is this thing?' That day, I fell in love with Laureline and I wanted to be Valerian".
Major Valerian is dispatched to this 'city' to investigate an unknown force that's threatening to destroy the peace in Alpha.
The design and technology series, which is available on Lexus International's website, chronicles the SKYJET journey from original concept, from the visionary mind of Luc Besson, to its visualization by Concept Designer Ben Mauro, through to Lexus' collaboration, which matched Besson's ambition for a vehicle befitting of the Valerian world, set 700 years in the future.
Valerian officinalis (valerian) is a widely used herbal supplement with phytoestrogenic qualities.
The highest yield was obtained from seedlings planted in autumn (with a satisfactory content of VA) and therefore the method could be used for valerian p lantation establishment.
BANKING AND CREDIT NEWS-January 19, 2016-BNP Paribas partners with French screenwriter to make "Valerian and the city of a thousand planets"
A recent meta-analysis of herbal medicines used for insomnia reviewed a number of studies that evaluated various herbal remedies--specifically, valerian, kava, wuling and chamomile --against a placebo with regard to 14 outcome measures, including sleep onset, sleep duration, nocturnal awakenings and sleep efficiency.