vaginitis


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Related to vaginitis: Yeast infection, trichomoniasis, clotrimazole, cervicitis

vaginitis

 [vaj″ĭ-ni´tis]
1. inflammation of any sheathlike structure.
2. inflammation of the vagina; called also colpitis.

Etiology. Inflammation of the vaginal mucosa is invariably related to a disturbance in normal vaginal physiology. A healthy vagina depends on (1) normal estrogen secretion to maintain a thick squamous epithelium containing glycogen and (2) chemical reactions beginning with the glycogen thus available. The glycogen stimulates the growth of lactobacilli, which are beneficial normal vaginal flora that metabolize glycogen to form lactic acid. The lactic acid maintains vaginal acidity at a pH of 4.0 to 4.5.



Tampons, condoms, neglected diaphragms, and irritating douches or deodorant sprays can upset the vagina's environmental balance and produce abnormal vaginal discharge. Hyperglycemia and antibiotics can also disturb this balance. However, infectious agents are the most common cause of vaginitis; these include Trichomonas and Candida. (See also bacterial vaginosis.) Characteristics of these types of vaginitis and medical treatment and nursing intervention are summarized in the accompanying table.
Patient Education. Patients with infectious vaginitis need to know the purpose and importance of diagnostic testing and examination to verify a diagnosis, the specific type of infection or infections thus identified, and changes that may need to be made in their sexual activity to avoid reinfection. Sexual intercourse is avoided while active symptoms are present. Concurrent treatment of the partner is often necessary to avoid cyclic reinfection of one another. Condoms are encouraged because they can provide both the man and woman with some protection against sexually transmitted diseases.



In regard to prescribed treatment, the patient should be instructed to take all of the medication exactly as prescribed; a follow-up examination and testing may be necessary. If the woman has a cervical Pap smear done while she has vaginitis, there may be an abnormal test result.
adhesive vaginitis atrophic vaginitis with ulceration and exfoliation of the mucosa result in adhesions of the membranes; opposite surfaces may adhere to each other, causing obliteration of the vaginal canal. Called also senile vaginitis.
atrophic vaginitis vaginitis occurring in postmenopausal women, associated with estrogen deficiency. The two most common types are senile vulvovaginitis and adhesive vaginitis.
Candida vaginitis (candidal vaginitis) vulvovaginal candidiasis.
desquamative inflammatory vaginitis a form resembling atrophic vaginitis but affecting women with normal estrogen levels.
emphysematous vaginitis inflammation of the vagina and adjacent cervix, characterized by numerous asymptomatic, gas-filled cystlike lesions.
senile vaginitis adhesive vaginitis.

vag·i·ni·tis

, pl.

vag·i·ni·ti·des

(vaj'i-nī'tis, -nī'ti-dēz),
Inflammation of the vagina.
[vagina + G. -itis, inflammation]

vaginitis

/vag·i·ni·tis/ (vaj″ĭ-ni´tis)
1. inflammation of the vagina.
2. inflammation of a sheath.

adhesive vaginitis  a form of atrophic vaginitis marked by formation of superficial erosions, which often adhere to opposing surfaces, obliterating the vaginal canal.
atrophic vaginitis  vaginitis with tissue atrophy occurring in postmenopausal women and associated with estrogen deficiency.
candidal vaginitis  vulvovaginal candidiasis.
desquamative inflammatory vaginitis  a form resembling atrophic vaginitis but affecting women with normal estrogen levels.
emphysematous vaginitis  inflammation of the vagina and adjacent cervix, characterized by numerous, asymptomatic, gas-filled cystlike lesions.
senile vaginitis  atrophic v.

vaginitis

(văj′ə-nī′tĭs)
n.
Inflammation of the vagina. Also called colpitis.

vaginitis

[vaj′inī′tis]
an inflammation of the vaginal tissues, such as trichomonas vaginitis. See also atrophic vaginitis.

vaginitis

Inflammation of the vagina, e.g., due to vaginal candidiasis, bacterial vaginosis, trichomonas infections, or other irritants.

Clinical findings
Discharge, itching, pain, fishy odour, dyspareunia.

Diagnosis
Vaginal wet mount preparation, culture.

Management
Anti-microbials, antifungals.

vaginitis

Gynecology Inflammation of the vagina, which may be nonspecific or induced by a specific organism. See Atrophic vaginitis, Hormone replacement therapy, Vaginal candidiasis.

vag·i·ni·tis

, pl. vaginitides (vaj'i-nī'tis, -i-nit'i-dēz)
Inflammation of the vagina.
[vagina + G. -itis, inflammation]

vaginitis

Inflammation of the vagina from any cause, such as chlamydial infection, GONORRHOEA, THRUSH or TRICHOMONIASIS. Also known as colpitis.

Vaginitis

Inflammation of the vagina.
Mentioned in: Enterobiasis

vaginitis (va·ji·nīˑ·tis),

n condition marked by vaginal inflammation and secretions. May result from yeast or a sexually transmitted disease.

vaginitis

1. inflammation of the vagina; colpitis.
2. inflammation of a sheath.

adhesive vaginitis
that in which ulceration and exfoliation of the mucosa result in adhesions of the membranes.
contagious vaginitis
see infectious pustular vulvovaginitis, epivag.
granular vaginitis
see granular vaginitis.
pustular vaginitis
see infectious pustular vulvovaginitis.
References in periodicals archive ?
The anatomic feature of banding probably makes pooling of fluid within the vagina more likely, thereby exacerbating the environmental factors that can cause vaginitis, Dr.
The use of local vaginal estrogen replacement to treat atrophic vaginitis is often overlooked in the recent search for a "Viagra for women" and medications to help women maintain active sex lives.
Industry estimates of the potential for vaginitis testing in the United States approach 125 million tests annually.
7 and presence of volatile amines in vaginal fluid, two primary indicators of a bacterial infection and part of a physician's routine clinical evaluation of infectious vaginitis.
His wish list for candidal vaginitis centers on new, more effective antifungal agents and better diagnostic tests.
Black, an immunologist at the University of Pittsburgh, reported on 10 women with acute candidal vaginitis and a history of at least three prior episodes within the past year, as well as a control group of 17 women with asymptomatic vaginal candidal colonization.
5 million initial office visits for new vaginitis complaints not due to Trichomonas each year in the United States, resulting in 10 million to 15 million total physician-office visits.
There were 82 clinical yeast vaginitis diagnoses and 58 self-diagnosed infections with documented antifungal use.
The interpretation of atrophic vaginitis from Papanicolaou (Pap) tests is seemingly subjective, despite descriptive terminology criteria published by the Bethesda System for Reporting Cervical Cytology, (1) as evidenced by the historically poor performance on these slides in the College of American Pathologists (CAP) Interlaboratory Comparison Program in Gynecologic Cytopathology (PAP Education).
SUPPLEJ DMARDs can slow arthritis Q I thought I was getting cystitis a lot but I have just been diagnosed with vaginitis.
clinicians at Wayne State's Vaginitis Clinic, however, have observed an uptick in the frequency of refractory Candida vulvovaginitis cases in the last 10 years among the more than 500 women with recurrent vulvovaginitis that they follow.
Topics include abstinence, consensual sex, date rape, termination and vaginitis.