vaginitis


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vaginitis

 [vaj″ĭ-ni´tis]
1. inflammation of any sheathlike structure.
2. inflammation of the vagina; called also colpitis.

Etiology. Inflammation of the vaginal mucosa is invariably related to a disturbance in normal vaginal physiology. A healthy vagina depends on (1) normal estrogen secretion to maintain a thick squamous epithelium containing glycogen and (2) chemical reactions beginning with the glycogen thus available. The glycogen stimulates the growth of lactobacilli, which are beneficial normal vaginal flora that metabolize glycogen to form lactic acid. The lactic acid maintains vaginal acidity at a pH of 4.0 to 4.5.



Tampons, condoms, neglected diaphragms, and irritating douches or deodorant sprays can upset the vagina's environmental balance and produce abnormal vaginal discharge. Hyperglycemia and antibiotics can also disturb this balance. However, infectious agents are the most common cause of vaginitis; these include Trichomonas and Candida. (See also bacterial vaginosis.) Characteristics of these types of vaginitis and medical treatment and nursing intervention are summarized in the accompanying table.
Patient Education. Patients with infectious vaginitis need to know the purpose and importance of diagnostic testing and examination to verify a diagnosis, the specific type of infection or infections thus identified, and changes that may need to be made in their sexual activity to avoid reinfection. Sexual intercourse is avoided while active symptoms are present. Concurrent treatment of the partner is often necessary to avoid cyclic reinfection of one another. Condoms are encouraged because they can provide both the man and woman with some protection against sexually transmitted diseases.



In regard to prescribed treatment, the patient should be instructed to take all of the medication exactly as prescribed; a follow-up examination and testing may be necessary. If the woman has a cervical Pap smear done while she has vaginitis, there may be an abnormal test result.
adhesive vaginitis atrophic vaginitis with ulceration and exfoliation of the mucosa result in adhesions of the membranes; opposite surfaces may adhere to each other, causing obliteration of the vaginal canal. Called also senile vaginitis.
atrophic vaginitis vaginitis occurring in postmenopausal women, associated with estrogen deficiency. The two most common types are senile vulvovaginitis and adhesive vaginitis.
Candida vaginitis (candidal vaginitis) vulvovaginal candidiasis.
desquamative inflammatory vaginitis a form resembling atrophic vaginitis but affecting women with normal estrogen levels.
emphysematous vaginitis inflammation of the vagina and adjacent cervix, characterized by numerous asymptomatic, gas-filled cystlike lesions.
senile vaginitis adhesive vaginitis.

vag·i·ni·tis

, pl.

vag·i·ni·ti·des

(vaj'i-nī'tis, -nī'ti-dēz),
Inflammation of the vagina.
[vagina + G. -itis, inflammation]

vaginitis

(văj′ə-nī′tĭs)
n.
Inflammation of the vagina. Also called colpitis.

vaginitis

Inflammation of the vagina, e.g., due to vaginal candidiasis, bacterial vaginosis, trichomonas infections, or other irritants.

Clinical findings
Discharge, itching, pain, fishy odour, dyspareunia.

Diagnosis
Vaginal wet mount preparation, culture.

Management
Anti-microbials, antifungals.

vaginitis

Gynecology Inflammation of the vagina, which may be nonspecific or induced by a specific organism. See Atrophic vaginitis, Hormone replacement therapy, Vaginal candidiasis.

vag·i·ni·tis

, pl. vaginitides (vaj'i-nī'tis, -i-nit'i-dēz)
Inflammation of the vagina.
[vagina + G. -itis, inflammation]

vaginitis

Inflammation of the vagina from any cause, such as chlamydial infection, GONORRHOEA, THRUSH or TRICHOMONIASIS. Also known as colpitis.

Vaginitis

Inflammation of the vagina.
Mentioned in: Enterobiasis
References in periodicals archive ?
Haemophilus vaginalis Vaginitis. Novak's Textbook of Gynecology.
El procedimiento BACOVA no cuenta con suficientes referencias a nivel internacional, su validacion y aplicacion se circunscriben al ambito geografico argentino; donde diferentes investigadores destacan las ventajas del uso de BACOVA en centros de atencion primaria de salud (APS), con la finalidad de discriminar con un alto valor predictivo las entidades vaginosis y vaginitis [8].
En otra publicacion se hace referencia al seguimiento de 40 pacientes del sexo femenino que asistieron a la consulta externa del Servicio de Reproduccion Humana con diagnostico de vaginitis y vaginosis, las cuales se dividieron al azar en dos grupos.
This has indicated the need to take up this study of clinical and aetiological correlation in Vaginitis. The annual incidence of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in India is estimated as 5 percent i.e.
Definition of a type of abnormal vaginal flora that is distinct from bacterial vaginosis: aerobic vaginitis. BJOG 2002; 109(1): 34-43.
Por lo tanto, la alteracion intermedia o anormal de la microbiota vaginal, aumenta el riesgo de colonizacion de esta mucosa por bacterias patogenas y si esta situacion persistiera en el tiempo manteniendo su intensidad, se podria producir una Reaccion Inflamatoria Vaginal (RIV), que genera el sindrome de la Vaginitis Microbiana Inespecifica (VMI) (2).
Data included age, first delivery, previous abortion, use of contraceptives, date and time of sample collection and symptoms of lower genital tract infection (bacterial vaginitis.
* The report provides a snapshot of the global therapeutic landscape of Vaginal Atrophy (Atrophic Vaginitis)
The term bacterial vaginosis (BV) was introduced by a group of researchers from Washington University that established that non-specific vaginitis is connected with large changes in the vaginal flora, proving this through the molecular method of 16s RNA sequencing.
Of special note is a fun section on the nature of the human male as well as a penetrating examination on the chronic condition of "vaginitis" also known as Chronic Complaining Syndrome; (CCS) which describes a small minority of constantly complaining women.
[USPRwire, Wed Dec 30 2015] Global Markets Direct's, 'Vaginal Atrophy (Atrophic Vaginitis) - Pipeline Review, H2 2015', provides an overview of the Vaginal Atrophy (Atrophic Vaginitis)'s therapeutic pipeline.