vaginismus


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vaginismus

 [vaj″ĭ-niz´mus]
painful spasm of the vagina due to involuntary contraction of the vaginal musculature, usually severe enough to prevent intercourse; the cause may be organic or psychogenic.

vag·i·nis·mus

(vaj'i-niz'mŭs),
Painful spasm of the vagina preventing intercourse.
Synonym(s): vaginism, vulvismus
[vagina + L. -ismus, action, condition]

vaginismus

/vag·i·nis·mus/ (vaj″ĭ-niz´mus) painful spasm of the vagina due to involuntary muscular contraction, usually severe enough to prevent intercourse; the cause may be organic or psychogenic.

vaginismus

(văj′ə-nĭz′məs)
n.
A usually prolonged and painful contraction or spasm of the vagina.

vaginismus

[vaj′iniz′məs]
Etymology: L, vagina + spasmus, spasm
a psychophysiological genital reaction of women, characterized by intense contraction of the perineal and paravaginal musculature, tightly closing the vaginal introitus. It occurs in response to fear of painful intercourse before coitus or of pelvic examination. Vaginismus is considered abnormal if it occurs in the absence of genital lesions and if it conflicts with a woman's desire to participate in sexual intercourse or to permit examination, but it may be a normal or physiological response if painful genital conditions exist or if forcible or premature intromission is anticipated. Abnormal vaginismus is uncommon. Sexual adjustment often can be achieved through educative and supportive measures that lead to improved sexual self-awareness and response. In some cases the condition is a manifestation of serious mental illness and requires formal psychiatric evaluation and treatment. Gender identity conflict, a history of trauma from rape or incest, or an intense suppression of sexuality in childhood and adolescence are factors that often are associated with vaginismus. See also dyspareunia.

vaginismus

Unconsummated marriage Psychiatry A sexual dysfunction characterized by '…recurrent or persistent involuntary contraction of the perineal muscles surrounding the outer third of the vagina when penetration with penis, finger, tampon, or speculum is attempted…(This causes)…marked distress or interpersonal difficulty…(and) is not better accounted for by another…disorder.' See Dyspareunia. Cf Vaginosis.

vag·i·nis·mus

(vaj'i-niz'mŭs)
Painful spasm of the vagina that impedes intercourse.
[vagina + L. -ismus, action, condition]

vaginismus

Apparently involuntary rejection, by a woman, of attempted sexual intercourse or gynaecological examination. The legs are straightened, the thighs pressed together and the muscles of the pelvic floor, that surround the vagina, tighten. Sexual desire may appear normal until penetration is tried. Treatment involves full explanation and instruction in the insertion of vaginal dilators of gradually increasing size.

Vaginismus

Muscles around the outer third of the vagina have involuntary spasms in response to attempts at vaginal penetration, not allowing for penetration.

vaginismus

painful spasms of the muscles of the vagina.
References in periodicals archive ?
In this study, some demographic factors have been identified as the risk factors of disorders in sexual cycle like increasing age and duration of infertility with lack of orgasm and dyspareunia and university education with vaginismus.
Among women, mindfulness was associated with reduced sexual infrequency, sexual non-communication, partner dissatisfaction, sexual avoidance, non-sensuality, vaginismus, anorgasmia, and increased overall sexual satisfaction.
Atallah estimates that between 60 and 70 women out of 100 will come to her for treatment for vaginismus, which is often done through psychotherapy that helps them learn how to control their muscles better and ease their fears of sex.
The initial cause of the pain can be vulval discomfort, vaginismus, stress and anxiety or lack of adequate sexual stimulation.
Vaginismus, as a reaction of avoidance of an anxiety-producing situation, is readily amenable to treatment by systematic desensitization.
Sometimes, it is called vaginismus, the inability to relax the vagina's muscles.
Our doctor says she has vaginismus, but from what I've read on the internet it seems to be a psychosexual problem caused by some sort of bad experience.
Vaginismus is the involuntary tightening of the PC, or pubococcygeus, muscle (a hammock-shaped muscle that stretches from the pubic bone to the tail bone, forming the floor of the pelvic cavity and supporting the pelvic organs), which makes vaginal penetration of any kind--with fingers, dildos, speculums, penises--difficult to nearly impossible.
If vaginismus is present, treat that before sending the patient to vestibulectomy, which may alleviate symptoms in 60%-85% of cases.
Vaginismus is severe spasm of the vagina that prevents penetration.
These include (for example) gender identity disorder, the paraphilias, and vaginismus.
Female sexual problems commonly discussed in sex counseling mostly belong to the above four categories and involve low sexual desire, high sexual desire or no desire at all, dry vagina without lubrication, lack of response to sexual stimulation, no physical arousal, delayed or no ejaculation, dyspareunia and vaginismus (Lin, 2002).