These obstetric factors include vaginal delivery, rupture of membrane of greater than four hours, episiotomy, vaginal laceration
, chorioamnionitis and the use of scalp electrode (2-4).
Key informants at health facilities in each country were asked about the direct expenses related to the treatment of five categories of abortion complications--incomplete abortion, sepsis, shock, cervical or vaginal laceration
, and uterine laceration or perforation; the survey gathered detailed information on the costs of labor, drugs, materials and supplies.
Incidence of cervical tear and vaginal laceration
was similar in all the groups.
3 In adults, labial fusion is associated with local inflamation, vaginitis, hypoestrogenism, local vulvar trauma, vaginal laceration
or untreated urinary system infections.
Unrecognized, vaginal laceration
may predispose patients to mesh extrusion.
5 Prenatal risk factors Diabetes 2 (10) 1 (4) Group B [beta]-hemolytic streptococcus colonization ([double dagger]) 3 (16) 4 (16) Intrapartum risk factors Intrapartum treatment with antimicrobial drugs ([dagger]) 9 (43) 7 (29) Cesarean section ([double dagger]) 3 (14) 2 (8) Artificial rupture of membranes ([section]) 12 (63) 10 (44) Vaginal laceration
or episiotomy ([section]) 18 (95) 22 (82) Epidural anesthesia ([section]) 12 (63) 18 (78) Interventions Aspiration 17 (81) 22 (82) Repeat aspiration 7 (41) 5 (23) Incision and drainage 1 (6) 9 (41) Drain placement 3 (14) 6 (22) Outcomes Hospital admission 10 11 Median length of stay, d 4 4 Median leukocyte count, cells/[micro]L 12.
There was also no relationship between urinary incontinence and anterior vaginal laceration
or epidural anesthesia.
Repair of the 1st- and 2nd-degree vaginal laceration
and perineal body is then completed in the usual fashion.
I've found that clinicians often spend too much time trying to determine whether postpartum bleeding originates in the uterus or from a cervical or vaginal laceration
The jetty Vaginal Repair Balloon is indicated for use in episiotomy and vaginal laceration
repair to temporarily prevent postpartum fluids from discharging from the vagina.
A 6-INCH VAGINAL LACERATION
was discovered after a woman delivered a healthy baby.
Always identify the apex of the vaginal laceration