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the recess at the vault of the vagina; it is divided into an anterior part, posterior part, and lateral part with respect to its relation to the cervix of the uterus. The posterior part is clinically significant as the site for culdocentesis and culdoscopy. The proximity of the ureter (below) and the uterine artery (above) adjacent to the lateral fornix is important clinically.
a recess in the upper part of the vagina caused by the protrusion of the uterine cervix into the vagina.
vaginal fornixAn anatomic landmark consisting of the arched recess that surrounds the vaginal portion of the uterine cervix at the superior end of the vagina, which is divided into anterior, right and left lateral, and posterior quadrants.
pl. fornices [L.] an archlike structure or the vaultlike space created by such a structure.
either of a pair of arched fiber tracts that unite under the corpus callosum, so that together they comprise two columns, a body, and two crura.
line of reflexion of the conjunctiva from the eyelid to the eyeball.
a thick bundle of nerve fibers leaving the hippocampus to enter the hypothalamus, terminating in the mamillary body.
see cerebral fornix (above).
the annular recess around the outside of the cervix.
pertaining to the vagina, the tunica vaginalis testis, or to any sheath.
see annulus vaginalis.
manifested by imperforate hymen or residual strands of hymen. See imperforate hymen.
use of a suction apparatus to collect a sample of vaginal fluid for culture, cytological or immunological examination.
collection of a sample of mucosa by a pinch biopsy instrument for histopathological examination.
inherited defect in Jersey cows combined with anal constriction, sometimes with rectovaginal fistula.
vaginal cyclic changes
see vaginal cytology (below).
the urinary bladder is lying on the floor of the vagina; the displacement has been via the urethra by eversion or via a tear in the floor of the vagina.
cyclic changes in the exfoliated epithelial cells of the vaginal mucosa occurring synchronously with the stages of the estrous cycle; collection of samples by the use of a swab and laboratory examination of a smear is a useful aid in determining the most appropriate time to mate a bitch.
see vaginal fornix.
vaginal hypoplasia segmental
see müllerian duct aplasia.
see vaginitis (1).
include papilloma, sarcoma, myxofibroma.
an outpocketing of the peritoneum into the gubernaculum at the site of the future inguinal canal in the male fetus; becomes the tunica vagina of the adult.
see vaginal prolapse.
see bearing retainer.
see annulus vaginalis.
occurs during mating, dystocia, insemination, or by sadistic or malicious trauma. Results in peritonitis or cellulitis of the pelvic fascia.
examination of the cells in a smear is used as an aid in predicting the time of ovulation, which may be useful in selecting the optimal date for breeding.
cicatricial contraction after traumatic injury.
the double peritoneal fold which encloses the spermatic cord and the testis; made up of a visceral layer which is adherent to the testis and cord, and a parietal layer which lines the scrotum and the inguinal canal.
entrance to the vagina enclosed between the lips of the vulva, the labia minor. Connects the vagina at the external urethral orifice to the external genital opening; develops from the embryonic urogenital sinus.
irrigation of the vagina with sterile saline can be used to recover cells, which are stained and examined microscopically to monitor estrus.