vagal nerve stimulation

vagal nerve stimulation

an adjunctive treatment for patients with intractable epilepsy, particularly complex partial or secondarily generalized seizures; stimulation is delivered to the left vagus nerve in the neck, usually in 30-second bursts every 5-1/2 minutes by a stimulator implanted in the anterior chest wall.

va·gal nerve stim·u·la·tion

(vā'găl nĕrv stim'yŭ-lā'shŭn)
An adjunctive treatment for patients with intractable epilepsy, particularly complex partial or secondarily generalized seizures; stimulation is delivered to the left vagus nerve in the neck, usually in 30-second bursts every 5-1/2 minutes by a stimulator implanted in the anterior chest wall.
References in periodicals archive ?
There are non-pharmacological approaches such as vagal nerve stimulation and cerebrospinal fluid shunting, which are in clinical trials.
led by Pedro Irazoqui, will leverage an existing collaboration with Cyberonics to study inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract and its responsiveness to vagal nerve stimulation through the neck.
Vagal nerve stimulation (VNS) is used to manage refractory epilepsy, where it may act by increasing the seizure threshold by triggering widespread release of inhibitory neurotransmitters in the brain.
Vagal nerve stimulation has previously been used to treat conditions including epilepsy.
Vagal nerve stimulation for epilepsy and depression;
West Midlands Specialised Commissioning Trust (WMSCT) has agreed to pay for vagal nerve stimulation (VNS) as a treatment for people with epilepsy in the West Midlands.
1] receptor stimulation causes rash and urticaria, vagal nerve stimulation, increased mucous production, and bronchospasm (Makrilla, Syrigou, Kaklamanos, & Saif, 2010).
The interaction between the field of microwaves emitted by the instrument and the body of the patient is different to that produced by exogenous cerebral stimulation with transcranial magnetic stimulation (13,14) and with vagal nerve stimulation which was recently approved by the Food and Drug Administration for treatment-resistant major depression (15,16).
Pilitsis specializes in functional neurosurgery, including deep brain stimulation for Parkinson's disease, essential tremor and dystonia, spinal cord stimulation and motor cortex stimulation for pain syndromes, and vagal nerve stimulation for epilepsy.
As a result, vagal nerve stimulation (VNS) may become less available, and it's unlikely that transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) will be approved any time soon, said Dr.
Enhancement of ghrelin secretion could also be an indirect influence mediated by other factors, including growth hormone (nicotine increases the growth hormone concentration) (9), leptin (inverse correlation with ghrelin concentrations) (10), and vagal nerve stimulation (smoking affects vagal nerve activity) (11).
However the epileptic seizures have now spread to the remaining parts of her brain and that is why we have inserted the vagal nerve stimulation.