They cover reproductive justice, vaccine refusal
, and the uneven landscape of choice; rights of the un-vaccinated child; policing pleasure: the socio-legal framework for understanding the social control of desire; and data refusal and the problem of group identity.
, previously a rare ethical issue related to religious liberty, became corrupted by efforts at boutique medicine and alternative facts.
Alternative schools may encourage parents not to vaccinate their children, as vaccine refusal
among parents at Waldorf schools increased after their children were enrolled.
In a research conducted among 449 participants in Malaysia, reasons for vaccine refusal
were doubts about safety and efficacy of the new vaccine (27.
A systematic review of interventions for reducing parental vaccine refusal
and vaccine hesitancy.
Among the 311 incompletely vaccinated households, the primary reasons for nonvaccination were child absence during an SIA (126 of 311 [41%]) or vaccine refusal
(68 of 311 [22%]); the primary reason for vaccine refusal
was child being sick (53 of 68 [78%]).
The polio vaccine refusal
rate during 2015 have successfully been seized around 1%, highlighting the fact that most of the target population or children were effectively vaccinated, resulting in lessor number of polio cases in FATA and FRs in 2015.
Commonly cited barriers to improved vaccine uptake in adults include lack of regular assessment of vaccine status; lack of physician and other health care provider knowledge on current vaccine recommendations; cost; insufficient stocking of some vaccines; financial disincentives for vaccination in the primary care setting; limited use of electronic records, tools, and immunization registries; missed opportunities; and patient hesitancy and vaccine refusal
It is also essential to consider that among other factors, fear of side effects (MES), lack of access (FA), fear of vaccines (MV), the belief of having a supposed acquired immunity to the virus (SIAV), or have no reliable information (INC), that is to say with data from unreliable sources (17), those are the main aspects that influence the rate of vaccine refusal
Even fear of needles can be a factor for vaccine refusal
and WHO will issue, in September 2015, a position paper on pain mitigation.
The statewide average vaccine refusal
rate, outside these areas, is 2.
have been associated with costs and beliefs about immunization safety.