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describe a PMCA technique for detection of [PrP.sup.Sc] in the blood of individuals with vCJD (3).
Because only 1 definite case of heterozygous Met/ [Val.sub.129] vCJD and no homozygous [Val.sub.129] cases have been described, it is unknown whether the clinicopathologic characteristics and biochemical properties of vCJD would appear in persons with these codon 129 genotypes.
VCJD can be blocked by excluding possible infected sheep organs from entering the food chain via cattle food.
In 2003 former A-grade Sutton Coldfield student Jorawar Gill was just 20 when he died from vCJD - but he was a vegetarian.
Experts said the new test represented a "significant step forward" in the fight against the disease as it will enable doctors to find out how many people are infected with vCJD.
Besides its sensitivity for detecting prions in human plasma spiked with brain tissue from patients with vCJD, the assay, called eQuIC, also accurately distinguished between hamsters infected with scrapie--including some that were in early preclinical phases of infection--and uninfected hamsters.
The correlation between tooth decay and vCJD appeared after analysing regional data on vCJD incidence and historical regional dental health data from 1992-3 in 12-year-old children collected by British Association for the Study of Community Dentistry.
"It could go on to allow blood services to screen the population for vCJD."
In the UK the total number of definite and probable cases of vCJD is 170, including four suspected victims who are still alive.
Health Protection Agency reported the case of vCJD identified in a man with hemophilia in his 70s, after he had died.
The patient had shown no symptoms of the disease but a post-mortem revealed evidence of Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease (vCJD) in the spleen.
Most victims develop the illness - called variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease (vCJD) - by eating BSE infected meat or being given tainted blood transfusions.
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