1 Proto-Dravidian has a straightforward set of dorsal stops: uvular
/*q/, velar /*k/, and palatal /*k/.
Denton remarks that "the rhotics of the modern European Germanic languages include virtually every conceivable rhotic articulation from labial fricatives to uvular
trills and pharyngealized approximants" (2003: 40) and goes on to say that it would be unrealistic to expect the same phonetic value of Germanic *r across all early dialects.
Both works agree that Sawriya and Malpaharia have a full velar-uvular
contrast with a voiceless velar stop /k/ contrasting in all positions with a voiceless uvular
The German phoneme is a voiceless uvular
While we cannot be absolutely certain about the exact articulation of the different phonemes involved, h and h, it is clear that both are voiceless guttural fricatives (the former almost certainly uvular
, the latter most likely palatal ) and no doubt pronounced similarly enough for the alliteration to work.
For example, Khan establishes that the emphatics were velarized or uvularized rather than ejectives, that q was a uvular
, that schwa was usually [a], and that r had two allophones, uvular
[R]/[[CHARACTERS NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]] and linguo-alveolar [r].
The height-neutral feature back will not form a constriction by itself in the mouth, except for the far-back uvular
It appears that the Semitic and Egyptian /r/ was articulated in the vicinity of /d/, and thus we may conclude that it was a rolled dental and not a rolled uvular
(though there is evidence for the latter as well; see S.
The most noticeable phonetic feature of CB and also the most disconcerting one for those who have come to expect the presence of a rolled apical r in all Arabic - is its replacement by the uvular
gh (transcribed by g).
Baxter, Reconstructing Old Chinese Uvulars
in the Baxter Sagart System (Version 0.
There are linguistic reasons to believe, however, that the stone pillar is not a fake: the velar fricatives (Haudricourt's uvulars
) are adequately represented in the inscription; it is quite doubtful that a fake stone pillar could have been engraved by a linguist who would have read Haudricourt's 1952 article on the uvulars
Here, Holes presents a review of those features which are "salient markers of geography or identity," such as variation in the pronunciation of interdentals, velars and uvulars
, the alveolar fricative /j/, and the various reflexes of /q/.