UVB

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ultraviolet

 [ul″trah-vi´o-let]
denoting electromagnetic radiation of wavelength shorter than that of the violet end of the spectrum, having wavelengths of 4–400 nanometers.
ultraviolet A (UVA) ultraviolet radiation with wavelengths between 320 and 400 nm, comprising over 99 per cent of such radiation that reaches the surface of the earth. Ultraviolet A enhances the harmful effects of ultraviolet B radiation and is also responsible for some photosensitivity reactions; it is used therapeutically in the treatment of a variety of skin disorders.
ultraviolet B (UVB) ultraviolet radiation with wavelengths between 290 and 320 nm, comprising less than 1 per cent of the ultraviolet radiation that reaches the earth's surface. Ultraviolet B causes sunburn and a number of damaging photochemical changes within cells, including damage to DNA, leading to premature aging of the skin, premalignant and malignant changes, and a variety of photosensitivity reactions; it is also used therapeutically for treatment of skin disorders.
ultraviolet C (UVC) ultraviolet radiation with wavelengths between 200 and 290 nm; all of this type of radiation is filtered out by the ozone layer so that none reaches the earth's surface. Ultraviolet C is germicidal and is also used in ultraviolet phototherapy.
ultraviolet rays electromagnetic radiation beyond the violet end of the visible spectrum; they are not visible to humans. They are produced by the sun but are absorbed to a large extent by particles of dust and smoke in the earth's atmosphere. They are also produced by the so-called sun lamps. They can produce sunburn and affect skin pigmentation, causing tanning. When they strike the skin surface they transform provitamin D, secreted by the glands of the skin, into vitamin D, which is then absorbed into the body. Because ultraviolet rays are capable of killing bacteria and other microorganisms, they are sometimes used to sterilize objects in specially designed cabinets, or to sterilize the air in operating rooms and other areas where destruction of bacteria is necessary.
ultraviolet therapy the employment of ultraviolet radiation in the treatment of diseases, particularly those affecting the skin. See also PUVA therapy and photochemotherapy. Among the diseases that respond to this form of therapy are acne vulgaris, psoriasis, and external ulcers.

Dosage. The dosage unit of ultraviolet radiation is expressed as minimal erythema dose (MED). Because of varying degrees of skin thickness and pigmentation, human skin varies widely in its sensitivity to ultraviolet radiation. The MED refers to the amount of radiation that will produce, within a few hours, minimal erythema (redness caused by engorgement of capillaries) in the average Caucasian skin. Dosage for individual patients is prescribed according to probable sensitivity as determined by that individual's skin type as compared to average sensitivity.
Degrees of Erythema. Minimal erythema is a first degree erythema and usually is produced after about 15 seconds of exposure to a high-pressure mercury arc in a quartz burner placed at a distance of 75 cm (30 in) from the skin. A second degree erythema results from a dose of about 2.5 MED; its effects become apparent about 4 to 6 hours after application and are followed by slight peeling of the skin. A third degree erythema is produced by about 5 MED; it may become apparent within 2 hours after application and is accompanied by edema followed by marked desquamation. A fourth degree erythema is produced by about 10 MED and is characterized by blistering.
Precautions. Ultraviolet therapy is safe only in the hands of a skilled and knowledgeable therapist. Areas of “thin skin” that may be burned more readily than that receiving treatment must be protected by wet towels or dressings. The eye is highly sensitive to ultraviolet radiation; therefore some form of protection, such as goggles, compresses, or cotton balls, should be provided for both the patient and the therapist to avoid damage to the conjunctiva and cornea.



Certain drugs, such as the sulfonamides, greatly increase sensitivity to ultraviolet radiation. All patients scheduled for this form of therapy should be questioned in regard to the medication they are taking so the dosage can be adjusted accordingly or the treatment deferred.

UVB

Abbreviation for ultraviolet B.

UVB

ultraviolet B; see ultraviolet.

UVB

(yo͞o′vē′bē′)
n.
Ultraviolet radiation that is found in sunlight, has a wavelength between 290 and 320 nanometers, and can cause damage to the skin including sunburn, tanning, premature aging, and cancer.

UVB

Abbreviation for ultraviolet B.
References in periodicals archive ?
Disconcertingly, some of the priciest sunscreens Consumer Reports tested offered less than their labeled SPF value, which is the measure of protection from, specifically, UVB rays.
The best sunscreens in the report guarded against UVB rays after 80 minutes under water and were very good against UVA rays, which aren't always defended against in sunscreens.
The FDA recommends the use of sunscreens that are "broad spectrum," meaning that the sunscreen should offer protection against both UVB and UVA rays.
The first type, which is sometimes referred to as "cosmetic," is characterized by lightly tinted lenses and blocks 70% of UVB rays, 20% of UVA, and 60% of visible light.
These block 95% of UVB, 60% of UVA, and 60% to 90% of visible light.
These are the so-called "blue blockers" and they do indeed block 99% of UVB, 60% of UVA, and 97% of visible light.
the employer's proportional share, if any, of the unamortized amount of the plan's UVBs at the end of the plan year ending before September 26, 1980; and
First, the change in the plan's UVBs must be determined.
the unamortized amount of the UVBs for the last plan year ending before September 26,1980;and
a) the unamortized amounts of the change in UVBs for each plan year ending after September 25, 1980, and
b) the unamortized amounts of the change in UVBs for the year preceding the plan year for which the change is determined.
When it comes to cost it is simply a case of ensuring your cream provides protection against both the sun's UVB and UVA rays.