utilitarianism


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utilitarianism

(ū″til″ĭ-ter′ē-ă-ni″zĕm)
The moral philosophy that holds that an action is ethical according to its utility or usefulness in enhancing the welfare, safety, happiness, or pleasure of the community at large. This doctrine is popularly summarized as an action is ethical if it generates the greatest good for the greatest number of people.

act utilitarianism

The moral theory that the best action is the one that enhances the general welfare more than any other available or known alternative. An action is judged in terms of the goodness of its consequences with no consideration of the rules of action.

rule utilitarianism

The moral theory that an action that follows a demonstrably proven ethical formula will necessarily be a good act. The ethical rule is judged to be correct by the amount of good it effects when it is followed.
References in periodicals archive ?
Ethical Principle Ethical Principle Year Used to Justify Violated Fable Utilitarianism Beneficence Respect for autonomy 1802 Utilitarianism Distributive justice Non-maleficence Respect for autonomy Early 1900s Non-maleficence Distributive justice Utilitarianism Respect for autonomy Early 1900s Utilitarianism Distributive justice Respect for autonomy 1950s-1970s Utilitarianism Distributive justice Non-maleficence Respect for autonomy 1970s Utilitarianism Non-maleficence Respect for autonomy 2001 Beneficence Distributive justice (parental consent) Non-maleficence Utilitarianism Respect for autonomy Table 2.
For materiality level 3, accounting students recognize the construct of utilitarianism as significant for the reason to whistleblow.
Card's motive utilitarianism can be traced to some tenets of his Christian faith.
EXHIBIT Board Rule 511.58(10(c) Implied ethical theories Virtue Ethics Utilitarianism Kantian Ethics Integrity Accept Reject Reject Objectivity Reject Reject Accept Independence Reject Reject Accept Core Values Reject Accept Reject Neal R.
Rule utilitarianism takes the view that an act is right if the rule dictating the act maximizes happiness or the greatest good for the greatest number.
Gordon stresses that the utilitarianism developed in the camp was a fundamental tool Levi employed to measure the ethical efficacy both in Auschwitz and beyond (89).
This seems the real turning point of the distinction between morality and simple expediency."--John Stuart Mill, Utilitarianism.
David Lyons has argued that utilitarianism cannot justify legal rights with moral force.
Late in May, Iranian Parliament Speaker Ali Larijani quoted Iran's Supreme Leader Ayatollah Seyed Ali Khamenei as saying that US utilitarianism is in decline as it creates 'international anomalies.
We have travelled a long way since the world of work described so vividly by Charles Dickens in Hard Times--a stark picture of the industrial revolution, and the effects of utilitarianism. And yet, lessons in the novel still resonate: chiefly, that most of us in the workforce need to feel like we are more than a cog in the machine, that our contributions matter, and that life outside of work is precious.
WIDENING THE SCOPE OF PERMISSIBLE INTERVENTION: A UTILITARIANISM OF RIGHTS
His indirect utilitarianism went beyond the distinction between rule utilitarianism and act utilitarianism.