ACVIM small animal consensus recommendations on the treatment and prevention of uroliths
in dogs and cats.
Diets high in calcium may result in Calcium carbonate uroliths
, while plants such as halogeton or tops from the common sugar beet may be a factor in calcium oxalate formation.
(9) On the basis of this information, it seems plausible that changes in the distal rectal and coprodeal microenvironment could be responsible for urolith
The majority of uroliths
are composed of calcium salts, calcium oxalates, and calcium phosphates, all of which are radiopaque and easily visualized on a radiograph.
Urolithiasis--Although stones (uroliths
) may form anywhere in the urinary tract, they are almost always found in the bladder.
No relationship has been found between urinary pH and silicate urolith
--Diagnostic Tests: Physical examination, radiographs, urinalysis, urolith
chemical analysis, serum chemistry, ECG, bile acids, and ultrasound.
urolithiasis: The condition of having uroliths
or bladder stones.
The relative underestimation of the measured urinary oxalate concentration c in dependence of the growth rate of the urolith
, V/[tau], is shown in Fig.
Other research on the effects of hard and soft water on urolith
formation has shown mixed results regarding risk, possibly due to variations in mineral content and ratios, along with factors such as whether the water was given with or between meals.
Assessment and maintenance of the quality of urolith
analyses in a comparison of methods.
One strategy to prevent the recurrence of urolith
types in cats is to maintain dilute urine, including dietary methods like canned food and high sodium diet, and the addition of water to diets.