urogenital sinus


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Related to urogenital sinus: Urogenital folds

sinus

 [si´nus]
1. a recess, cavity, or channel, such as one in bone or a dilated channel for venous blood.
2. an abnormal channel or fistula, permitting escape of pus.
anal s's furrows, with pouchlike recesses at the distal end, separating the rectal columns; called also anal crypts.
anterior s's (sinus anterio´res) the anterior air cells that together with the middle and posterior air cells form the ethmoidal sinus.
aortic s's pouchlike dilatations at the root of the aorta, one opposite each semilunar cusp of the aortic valve, from which the coronary arteries originate.
carotid sinus a dilatation of the proximal portion of the internal carotid or distal portion of the common carotid artery, containing in its wall pressoreceptors that are stimulated by changes in blood pressure. See also carotid sinus syndrome.
cavernous sinus an irregularly shaped venous channel between the layers of dura mater of the brain, one on either side of the body of the sphenoid bone and communicating across the midline. Several cranial nerves course through this sinus.
cerebral sinus one of the ventricles of the brain.
cervical sinus a temporary depression in the neck of the embryo containing the branchial arches.
circular sinus the venous channel encircling the pituitary gland, formed by the two cavernous sinuses and the anterior and posterior intercavernous sinuses.
coccygeal sinus a sinus or fistula just over or close to the tip of the coccyx.
coronary sinus the dilated terminal portion of the great cardiac vein, receiving blood from other veins draining the heart muscle and emptying into the right atrium.
dermal sinus a congenital sinus tract extending from the surface of the body, between the bodies of two adjacent lumbar vertebrae, to the spinal canal.
ethmoid s's (ethmoidal s's) ethmoid cells.
frontal sinus one of the paired paranasal sinuses in the frontal bone, each communicating with the middle nasal meatus on the same side.
intercavernous s's channels connecting the two cavernous sinuses, one passing anterior and the other posterior to the stalk of the pituitary gland.
lymphatic s's irregular, tortuous spaces within lymphoid tissues through which lymph flows.
maxillary sinus one of the paired paranasal sinuses in the body of the maxilla on either side, opening into the middle nasal meatus on the same side.
occipital sinus a venous sinus between the layers of dura mater, passing upward along the midline of the cerebellum.
paranasal s's the eight cavities in the skull that are connected with the nasal cavity (see also Plates). They are arranged in four pairs, each of which has one member on the left and one on the right. The pairs are the maxillary sinuses in the maxillae; the frontal sinuses in the frontal bone; the sphenoid sinuses in the sphenoid bone behind the nasal cavity; and the ethmoid cells (ethmoid sinuses) in the ethmoid bone behind and below the frontal sinuses. The functions of the sinuses are not certain. They are believed to help the nose in circulating, warming, and moistening the air as it is inhaled, thereby lessening the shock of cold, dry air to the lungs. They also are thought to have a minor role as resonating chambers for the voice.
Sinus paranasal (Paranasal sinuses). From Dorland's, 2000.
petrosal sinus, inferior a venous channel arising from the cavernous sinus and draining into the internal jugular vein.
petrosal sinus, superior one arising from the cavernous sinus and draining into the transverse sinus of the dura mater.
pilonidal sinus pilonidal cyst.
prostatic sinus the posterolateral recess between the seminal colliculus and the wall of the urethra, where the prostatic ductules empty into the urethra.
s's of pulmonary trunk spaces between the wall of the pulmonary trunk and cusps of the pulmonary valve at its opening from the right ventricle.
renal sinus a recess in the substance of the kidney, occupied by the renal pelvis, calices, vessels, nerves, and fat.
sagittal sinus, inferior a small venous sinus of the dura mater, opening into the straight sinus.
sagittal sinus, superior a venous sinus of the dura mater that ends in the confluence of sinuses.
sigmoid sinus a venous sinus of the dura mater on either side, continuous with the straight sinus and draining into the internal jugular vein of the same side.
sphenoid sinus (sphenoidal sinus) one of the paired paranasal sinuses in the body of the sphenoid bone, opening into the superior nasal meatus on the same side.
sphenoparietal sinus one of the venous sinuses of the dura mater, emptying into the cavernous sinus.
s's of spleen dilated venous sinuses found in the splenic pulp; they are not lined by ordinary endothelial cells.
straight sinus a venous sinus of the dura mater formed by junction of the great cerebral vein and inferior sagittal sinus, and ending in the confluence of sinuses.
tarsal sinus a space between the calcaneus and talus.
tentorial sinus straight sinus.
transverse sinus of dura mater a large venous sinus on either side of the brain.
transverse sinus of pericardium a passage within the pericardial sac, behind the aorta and pulmonary trunk and in front of the left atrium and superior vena cava.
tympanic sinus a deep recess on the medial wall of the middle ear.
urogenital sinus an elongated sac that is formed by division of the cloaca in the early embryo, which ultimately forms most of the vestibule, urethra, and vagina in the female, and some of the urethra in the male.
uterine s's venous channels in the wall of the uterus in pregnancy.
uteroplacental s's blood spaces between the placenta and uterine sinuses.
sinus of venae cavae the posterior portion of the right atrium into which the inferior and the superior vena cava open; called also sinus venosus.
sinus veno´sus (venous sinus)
2. the common venous receptacle in the early embryo attached to the posterior wall of the primitive atrium.
venous s's of dura mater large channels for venous blood forming an anastomosing system between the layers of the dura mater of the brain, receiving blood from the brain and draining into the veins of the scalp or deep veins at the base of the skull.
venous sinus of sclera a circular channel at the junction of the sclera and cornea, into which aqueous humor filters from the anterior chamber of the eye. Called also Schlemm's canal.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

ur·o·gen·i·tal si·nus

1. the ventral part of the cloaca after its separation from the rectum by the growth of the urorectal septum; from it develops the lower part of the bladder in both sexes, the prostatic portion of the male urethra, and the urethra and vestibule in the female;
2. Synonym(s): persistent cloaca
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
(c) Illustrative diagram of urethral duplicity: (1) accessory phallic urethra, (2) main urethra, (3) urogenital sinus, (4) anus, and (5) clitoral cyst.
porcellus when used as experimental models may be useful in those studies on sexual infantilism in women, polycystic ovary syndrome, ambiguous genitalia at birth, pseudohermaphroditism, female genital virilization (Nobrega et al., 2004; Martin et al., 2008; Costenaro et al., 2010; Kalfa et al., 2010) and other studies on genetic syndromes associated with female pseudohermaphroditism, with alterations in genitalia in the female fetus, as clitoromegaly and hypoplasia of labia minora (Arnold et al., 1999) and McKusick-Kaufman syndrome, in which occurs association with hydrometrocolpos and agenesis of the vagina with the presence of the female urogenital sinus (Slavotinek and Biesecker, 2000).
The mesonephric (Wolffian) ducts drain the mesonephroi and empty into the urogenital sinus. On each side of the embryo, a smaller paramesonephric (Mullerian) duct appears between the mesonephros and mesonephric duct.
Genetic mutations could theoretically interfere indirectly with fetal testis and adrenal testosterone production and with the adequate virilization of the urogenital sinus and external genitalia during embryogenesis if the conversion of testosterone to DHT by 5[alpha]-reductase is interrupted.
Congenital cysts may be derived from urogenital sinus or from mesonephric (Gartner cyst) or paramesonephric (Mullerian cyst) remnants.
Prostatic utricle cysts result from the regression of the Mullerian paramesonephric ducts or decreased androgenic stimulation of the urogenital sinus. The cyst can be congenital and often associated with hypospadias, cryptorchidism, or renal agenesis.
In patients with bladder agenesis and without any hind gut abnormalities like in our case, it is proposed that the division of cloaca is normal but there is either a primary developmental failure or secondary atrophy of the urogenital sinus.6 The latter phenomenon is due to failure to incorporate the mesonephric ducts and ureter into the trigone leading to lack of distension with urine and consequent atrophy.
The sinovaginal bulbs are two solid evaginations originating from the urogenital sinus at the distal aspect of the mullerian tubercle, as shown at right (A).
It is an evagination from the walls of the urogenital sinus and is the most common developmental aberration of the female tubular organ with a variable degree of hymenal persistence (Roberts, 1971 and Arthur et al., 1989).
In normal development, the mullerian ducts elongate and reach the urogenital sinus by 9 weeks' gestation.
In females the mesonephric ducts degenerate and by twelve weeks due to lack of testosterone and the paired paramesonephric developed on lateral aspect of mesonephrons to reach urogenital sinus at nine weeks and unfused lateral arms of paramesonephric ducts forming fallopian tubes.
In the normal embryologic development of the urogenital system, the cranial part of the urogenital sinus is continuous with the allantois, developing into the bladder and pelvic urethra; the bladder dome, posterior walls and part of lateral walls, normally arise from surrounding urogenital sinus mesenchyme.[sup.16] In recent investigation of embryonic development of bladder, Shapiro and colleagues described that bladder morphogenesis is regulated by complex epithelial-mesenchymal signalling events.[sup.17] Failure of these signalling events to occur at specified times result in bladder anomalies.