urinary output


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output

 [owt´poot]
the yield or total of anything produced by any functional system of the body. When measuring output for a patient record, the volume of urine, drainage from tubes, vomitus, and any other measurable liquid should be recorded.
cardiac output the effective volume of blood expelled by either ventricle of the heart per unit of time (generally per minute); it usually refers to left ventricle output. It is equal to the stroke volume multiplied by the heart rate. Normal values are 4 to 8 liters per minute.
decreased cardiac output a nursing diagnosis accepted by the North American Nursing Diagnosis Association, defined as a state in which inadequate blood is pumped by the heart to meet the metabolic demands of the body. The most obvious causative factors are pathologic changes in the heart's muscle or electrical conduction system, congenital heart defects, electrolyte imbalances (as of calcium or potassium), blood dyscrasias, and chronic pulmonary disease. Factors that could lead to changes in a patient's functional capacities because of decreased cardiac output might include physical exercise of a type or intensity that the patient cannot tolerate because of diminished oxygen supply, ingestion of large meals that place an added workload on the heart, obesity, retention of fluid (edema), hypovolemia or hypervolemia, emotional stress, and smoking.
Patient Care. Nursing interventions are planned only after a thorough nursing assessment has been conducted to collect the relevant subjective and objective data. For example, it may be that the patient will need instruction and guidance in limiting sodium intake, reducing caloric intake to lose excess fat and maintain normal body weight, decreasing fat consumption to reduce blood lipid levels, or otherwise striving for dietary management of the problem.
energy output the energy a body is able to manifest in work or activity.
stroke output stroke volume.
urinary output the amount of urine secreted by the kidneys. See also fluid balance.

urinary output

Abbreviation: UOP
The amount of urine produced by the kidneys.
See also: output
References in periodicals archive ?
In the first days of treatment, serum sodium levels, urinary output, and 24-h fluid balance should be closely evaluated.
states) because some suggest that the increased urinary output flushes away traces of other, illicit, performance-enhancing substances in the bloodstream.
Moreover, the urinary output of FZ isoprostanes was greater than in the controls but less than in the homozygous FHBL children receiving the lower dose supplement.
Fifty women with preeclampsia received standard magnesium therapy for 24 hours after delivery, and 48 received it until diuresis, defined as a urinary output of at least 100 mL per hour for 2 consecutive hours.
Our analysis suggests that people with a high school education or less have higher urinary output of DBP and BBP metabolites; individuals with a family income less than $1,500 in the month before sampling have higher urinary output of BBP and DEHP metabolites; and males and urban populations have higher urinary output of DEHP metabolites.
To reduce the risk of developing AD, basic preventive measures include giving careful attention to urinary drainage devices, remaining aware of urinary output changes, monitoring fecal output, checking clothing tightness, and avoiding temperature extremes.
Aside from a reduced risk of pneumonia, nosocomial infections, and pressure ulcers with appropriate use of turning beds, there are other potential clinical benefits: urinary output is increased, pulmonary blood flow is redistributed, and the gastrointestinal tract is stimulated.
He presented with severe generalized abdominal pain, weakness, urinary urgency, and frequent urinary dribbling (his only urinary output for the past 3 to 4 days).
CASE REPORT: A 50 year old post-menopausal woman from a near-by tribal village was admitted in the medical outpatient department in our hospital with a history of decreased urinary output since 1 week, fever since 1 week, abdominal pain 1 month, difficulty in passing urine since 1 month and white discharge since 1 month.
After 10 hours of dopamine therapy, total urinary output is 25 mL.