containing or secreting urine
urinary tract infection
(UTI) infection in the urinary tract
; types are named for the part of the tract involved, such as urethritis
, and glomerulonephritis
. It is more common in women than in men because of the relative shortness of the female urethra
. Men over the age of 50 are more susceptible because of enlargement of the prostate
and urinary stasis. Symptoms include dysuria, malaise, nausea, urinary frequency and urgency, and nocturia. There also may be a feeling of suprapubic fullness not relieved by urination. If the infection is higher in the urinary tract, in the ureters or kidney, there can be lower back pain or genital pain.
Factors that contribute to infection of the urinary tract include structural defects and systemic disorders that interfere with the free flow of urine. Examples include congenital disorders, neuromuscular disease or spinal cord injury, and renal stones. Infectious agents that cause sexually transmitted diseases
can also invade the urinary tract. Moreover, urinary tract infection is a constant threat and a major cause of morbidity in patients with indwelling catheters.
Antimicrobial drugs are prescribed for treatment of urinary tract infection. Some drugs such as trimethoprim
), or kanamycin
, can be given in a single dose, while others may be prescribed in one- to three-day doses or over a longer period of time.
. Prevention of recurrence is a major goal in the care of patients with UTI. Increased intake of fluids is encouraged to increase the force of the stream of urine and facilitate removal of microorganisms and debris. Patients are taught to urinate at first urge rather than postponing emptying the bladder. Women should know that it is important to keep the perineal area clean and that all wiping motions should be from front to back to avoid transporting fecal bacteria to the urinary meatus. Any vaginitis
should be treated promptly and effectively to reduce the risk of spreading infection from the vagina to the urinary tract.
Other measures are related to control or management of underlying systemic or structural disorders, meticulous catheter care for patients with an indwelling catheter, and prevention and treatment of sexually transmitted diseases.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.
Patient discussion about urinary
Q. Can you treat urinary incontinence by only making exercise of circular muscles? I heard the exercise help but dont know if it is enough by itself.
A. This technique you have mentioned is called "bio-feedback" and it helps many people with urinary incontinence, by raising your awareness to muscles in your body you don't usually pay attention to, thus making you able to control them better. I do not think this is an only way to treat incontinence, however with the addition of the proper medications you can find this very helpful.
Q. What foods or liquids, juices, proteins, fruits, are good for Male Prostate or Urinary Frequency? I am 53 YO Male with exessive urinary frequency. Is there a fruit, food, drink, pill, mojo, that would help me with this problem? I am talking about urinating 3 to 4 times every night, and or while watching TV, every hour or so. No pain, yet, an occacional after drip that is very anoying. Perhaps I have a prostate problem and should consuld with my Urologist. Yet, before I go there, does anyone know of something I can eat or drink to fix or aleviate this problem?
A. Thanks for the heads-up. One of my issues is that I LOVE coffee, thus, reducing my daily consumption of 2-3 cups could be a problem.
Q. How to prevent getting a bladder infection? I am worried about getting another bladder infection like I just had now. I am during my second trimester. How can I avoid getting it again?
A. drink more cranberry juice,its 100% natural, and wont harm the baby in anyway.More discussions about urinary
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