Urinalysis (dipstick and microscopic examination) presents the best opportunity for early identification of LN as a dipstick is likely to show the presence of blood and protein in the urine and urine microscopy enables identification of various urinary casts
(red cells, granular, hyaline).
4 [square box] Urinary casts Heme granular or red blood cell casts.
5] exposure levels and SLEDAI-2K total score, anti-dsDNA antibodies, and urinary casts, we used random intercept models for repeated-measures (longitudinal) data to account for correlations among repeated measures within individuals.
And-dsDNA and urinary casts were significantly associated with [PM.
Refrigeration suppresses multiplication of bacteria, preserves urinary casts
, and slows any shifts in urinary pH and osmolality.
Urinary casts were observed at X10 [low-power field (LPF)].
The detection of urinary casts by the OF-100 is less definitive than is the detection of RBCs and WBCs.