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u·ric ac·id(yūr'ik as'id),
uric acidA small purine metabolite excreted primarily by the kidneys, less by the GI tract; ↑ UA occurs in gout, which primarly affects acral joints, associated with deposition of UA crystals in various tissues; ↑ UA occurs in rapid cell turnover–eg, cancer–leukemia, metastases, myeloma, as well as in alcoholism, dehydration due to diuretics, DM, hyperlipoproteinemia, lead poisoning, renal failure, rarely, idiopathic Ref range Serum, ♂, 3.6-8.3 mg/dL; ♀, 2.2-6.8 mg/dL. See Gout. Cf Synovial fluid analysis.
Uric acid must be excreted because it cannot be metabolized. Uric acid output should be between 0.8 and 1g/day if the patient is on an ordinary diet.
Increased elimination is observed after ingestion of proteins and nitrogenous foods, after exercise, after administration of cytotoxic agents, and in gout and leukemia. Decreased elimination is observed in kidney failure, lead poisoning, and in those who eat a protein-free diet.