The cumulative incidence of the composite outcome of removal/ revision of vaginal or urethral mesh, removal of a foreign body, endoscopic treatment of a urethral foreign body or mesh encrustation, uretrolysis, or repair of a urethrovaginal
fistula was 3.
Primary vaginal calculi occur from vaginal pooling of urine due to a urethrovaginal
fistula, or in bedridden women due to neurogenic voiding dysfunction and other reasons (2-4).
56,57] MUS are contraindicated with urethrovaginal
fistula, urethral diverticulum, intra-operative urethral injury, active UTI and untreated urinary malignancy.
Beside successful results, major complications like mesh erosion, urethrovaginal
fistula, infection, rejection, and dyspareunia are also reported.
A urinary bladder mass arising from vesicoprostatic or urethrovaginal
plexus may also be seen.
fistula repair with Martius labial fat pad graft.
The American Urological Association's (AUA) recommendation is that "synthetic sling surgery is contraindicated in stress incontinent patients with a concurrent urethrovaginal
fistula, urethral erosion, intraoperative urethral injury and/or urethral diverticulum.
Urinary fistulas may be vesicovaginal, ureterovaginal, urethrovaginal
, vesicouterine, or colovesical.
reflux - a common cause of daytime incontinence in girls.