published the largest retrospective analysis about the clinical manifestations of infections caused by Kluyvera and that included gastroenteritis (diarrhea and fever), acute pancreatitis, bacteremia, wound infection, urinary tract infection (UTI), pyelonephritis, acute cholecystitis, peritonitis, mediastinitis, infected urethrorectal fistula
, and soft tissue infection .
A urethrorectal fistula due to prostatic abscess associated with urolithiasis in a dog.
Urethrorectal fistulas are uncommonly reported in veterinary medicine with only 13 cases reported in dogs (CRUSE et al., 2009).
Although spontaneous healing has been observed in posttraumatic urethrorectal fistulas in human medicine, surgical intervention was necessary in most reported cases.