Findings presented at the World STI & HIV Congress 2015 showed there were no statistically significant differences in accuracy between the self-collected penile swabs and clinician-collected urethral swabs
in nucleic acid amplification testing (NAAT).
Objective: The study was carried out to assess the reliability of Immunochromatographic test for gonococcal antigen in urethral swabs
from suspected male patients to validate it as rapid and point-of-care test for gonorrhoea.
urealyticum was cultured from urethral swabs
of 20 per cent cases of NGU and urine cultures were positive in 13 per cent.
In contrast to the current investigation, no difference was seen when the urine specimen was collected before or after urethral swab
Rectal and pharyngeal specimens were collected according to standardized protocols; urine testing or collection of urethral swabs
Vaginal swabs were immediately subjected to wet-film microscopy for trichomonasvaginalis (TV); urethral swabs
and endocervical swabs were collected in charcoal transport media.
However, culture itself could be made more accurate by restricting testing to cervical and urethral swabs
However, until now, male rapid tests for Chlamydia have been relatively inaccurate and involved urethral swabs
, which can cause discomfort.
Use of urethral swabs
in males or speculum examination in females has not been well accepted by teens, and anxiety over the prospect of such could limit the sexual history information or spontaneous questions from adolescents.
For example, outreach programs can now provide STI testing in settings where women do not undergo pelvic examinations or where men do not have urethral swabs
Polymerase chain reaction on urine alone or urine plus cervical cells is superior to enzyme immunoassay on combined cervical and urethral swabs
Burstein stated that urethral swabs
were largely a relic of the past ("Primary Care STD Screeniing Is Not Up to Par," October 1, 1999, p.