The patients had 148 affected parts: 47 at the urethral orifice, 23 at the penis body, 20 at the foreskin, 20 at the glans penis, 16 at the coronal sulcus, 12 at the frenulum, 8 at the labia majora and 2 at the vaginal orifice.
Recurrence: During follow-up, three patients were subjected to recurrence at the urethral orifice and then cured by ALA-PDT after further treatment for five weeks.
Given skin damages in special positions, such as those at the urethral orifice, genital warts cannot be cured with traditional strategies that only remove visible surface ones.
3%, and male patients had significantly better treatment outcomes at the urethral orifice than those in other affected parts.
During the 4-month follow-up after treatment, the warts of three patients relapsed at the urethral orifice (recurrence rate: 2.
Urogenital discharges, or soiled or un-bathed pubic area may attract fly oviposition around the external genitalia and urethral orifices
, then hatched larvae may enter the bladder and pass through urethra and produce symptoms of cystitis and/or urethritis that may include dysuria, haematuria, urethral discharge, and abdominal pain (3, 10).