compared PCNL to ureterorenoscopy
in 38 randomized patients .
Current evidence suggests that retrograde ureterorenoscopy
can be used for diagnostic purposes and for clearance of smaller volumes of stone; however PCNL is the most favoured technique for patients with large stone burden.
Shah, "Flexible ureterorenoscopy
and holmium laser lithotripsy for the management of renal stone burdens that measure 2 to 3 cm: a multi-institutional experience," Journal of Endourology, vol.
for lower pole stones: Influence of the collecting system's anatomy.
(URS) is defined as endoscopic visualisation of ureter and renal pelvis for diagnostic and/or therapeutic purposes.
Endoscopic manipulation of ureteral calculi in children by rigid operative ureterorenoscopy
. J Urol 1990;144:484-93.
Turna B, Stein RJ, Smaldone MC et al 2008 Safety and efficacy of flexible ureterorenoscopy
and holmium: YAG lithotripsy for intrarenal stones in anticoagulated cases The Journal of Urology 179 1415-1419
Does Hued Lubricant Jelly Prevent Stone Migration/Retropulsion During Semi-rigid Ureterorenoscopy
and Pneumatic Lithotripsy?
Diagnostic cystoscopy and right diagnostic ureterorenoscopy
were carried out.
Objective: To estimate the occurrence of "difficult ureter" where stenting was performed as a preliminary step for passive ureteric dilatation before second ureterorenoscopy
and to create awareness of the incidence of this abnormality in our setting.
Validation of computer-based training in ureterorenoscopy
. BJU Int 2005;95:1276-9.