A 3-6 F ureteric
stent was passed, both URS (Richard Wolf) and in some cases, cystoscope with 30-degree lens (Olympus) was used for stent placement.
A paper by Ather et al,  assessing the outcome, 195 patients with primary ureteric
stones reported that the endoscopic method had a higher complication rate of 32% compared to the open method, which had a rate of 13%.
Balloon dilatation was applied to severe ureteric
strictures using an 6-8 mm in diameter angiographic balloon dilatation catheter (XXL, Boston Scientific/Medi-tech) in 112 patients.
We studied the effectiveness of a hued lubricant gel (lubricating jelly mixed with methylene blue), an easily available and cheap gel, in preventing the retropulsion of upper ureteric
(at or above the level of L5 lumbar vertebral transverse process) stone during URS while using pneumatic lithoclast.
Conclusions: Tamsulosin effectively reduce the time needed for spontaneous expulsion of ureteric
This study found that kidney and ureteric
stones were the most common cause of hydronephrosis.
Triphasic computerized tomography scan of an axial image of central ureteric
This study comprised a retrospective review of a series of patients undergoing ureteric
stent or catheter insertion using flexible cystoscope guidance, performed on an outpatient basis at the Division of Urology, GSH, over the period July 2007-June 2015.
(39) Measurement of SSD on axial computed tomography view was done by calculating the mean value of three distances from the center of the stone to the skin surface (horizontally, perpendicular and at 45 degrees between the first two directions using radiographic calipers for renal and upper ureteric
Retinoic acid (RA), a vitamin A metabolite, is involved in embryonic kidney patterning through the control of receptor tyrosine kinase expression, which modulates ureteric
bud branching morphogenesis.
(6) A higher incidence of vesico-ureteric reflux (VUR), pelviureteric junction (PUJ) obstruction and ureteric
duplication has been found in horseshoe kidneys and may predispose to urinary tract infections and urolithiasis.
pathology may arise from abdominal and pelvic surgery, trauma, congenital anomalies, malignancies, and radiation.