upper-GI bleeding

upper-GI bleeding

Haemorrhage anyplace in the upper end of the gastrointestinal tract, usually understood to mean from the oesophagus to the ligament of Treitz at the duodenojejunal junction.

Upper GI Bleeding, causes
Oesophagus
• Oesophagitis
• Oesophageal varices
• Mallory-Weiss syndrome
• Carcinoma

Stomach
• Erosion
• Peptic ulcer disease
• Vascular malformation
• Carcinoma

Aorto-duodenal fistula

Upper GI Bleeding, predisposing factors
• Advanced age;
• Cardiovascular co-morbidity;
• Drugs (NSAIDs, aspirin, steroids, chemotherapeutics).
References in periodicals archive ?
The frequency of peptic ulcer as a cause of upper-GI bleeding is exaggerated.
Since serious, clinically significant upper-GI bleeding has been observed in patients taking Vioxx, physicians and patients should remain alert for signs and symptoms of GI ulceration or GI bleeding.