upper-GI study

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upper-GI study

A radiologic study in which a radiocontrast (e.g., a thick, barium-based substance) is ingested by the patient and images obtained from the upper-GI tract—oesophagus, stomach, duodenum.

Cons
Barium contrast is a viscid radiodense material, the use of which interferes with endoscopy and CTs.

Upper-GI study, types
Double contrast
Used to evaluate mucosal abnormalities of oesophagus, stomach, duodenum.

Single contrast
Used to identify gastric outlet obstruction, GORD/GERD, hiatal hernia, varices or cancer of oesophagus.

Water-soluble contrast
Used to identify anastomotic leaks or GI perforation.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Before histamine H2-receptor inhibitor drugs (ranitidine, cimetidine) were developed in the 1970s, upper-GI conditions were managed with antacids and lifestyle changes.
The development of a cure for gastritis and upper-GI ulceration hinged on two developments: the discovery of the bacterial species Helicobacter pylori (H.
Among the other 34% of patients on high-dose aspirin--a daily dosage of at least 150 mg--the rate of adjudicated upper-GI bleeds was 2.6% without a PPI and 0.9% in those on a PPI.
Empiric acid suppression with the "PPI test," used to assess whether upper-GI symptoms are due to gastroesophageal reflux disease, actually performs poorly as a predictor of GERD, Dr.
This is likely due to increased awareness of the risk from taking nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and the use of proton-pump inhibitors like omeprazole or pantoprazole to control upper-GI symptoms.
The frequency of peptic ulcer as a cause of upper-GI bleeding is exaggerated.
Adamo is a member of the European Association of Endoscopic Surgery (EAES), British Society for Metabolic and Obesity Surgery (BOMSS), Association of Upper-GI Surgeons (AUGIS) and Association of Laparoscopic Surgeons in UK (ALS) and Italy (SICE).
* A barium contrast study, which may be accompanied by an upper-GI study or a small-bowel study, can be used to exclude anatomic abnormalities.
PPIs are the most frequently prescribed drugs for treating many upper-GI diseases and disorders, a popularity based in part on their potent acid suppression, favorable safety profile and once-daily dosing.
Although rofecoxib exhibits a better GI side effect profile than the aforementioned NSAIDs, the agent's labeling still carries warnings regarding its potential to produce minor upper-GI problems, such as dyspepsia, and more serious, clinically significant upper GI bleeding.
Patients taking low-dose aspirin have about the same rate of upper-GI events as patients on high-dose aspirin.