universal donor


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Related to universal donor: Rh factor, universal recipient

donor

 [do´ner]
1. a person or organism that supplies an organ or tissue to be used in another body, usually either a cadaveric, living related, or living unrelated donor; see transplantation.
2. a substance or compound that contributes part of itself to another substance (acceptor).
Algorithm for organ donation. From McQuillan, 2002.
cadaveric donor an organ or tissue donor who has already died; see cadaveric donor transplantation.
living nonrelated donor living unrelated donor.
living related donor one who is a close blood relative of the recipient; see living related donor transplantation.
living unrelated donor one who is not a close blood relative of the recipient; see living unrelated donor transplantation.
non–heart beating cadaveric donor a donor who has been pronounced dead according to the traditional criteria of lack of any pulse or detectable cardiac activity, but is not yet brain dead (see brain death). There are two types: The controlled donor is a person in a vegetative state who has signed a consent form or otherwise stated his or her wishes before becoming ill. Based on the patient's stated wishes and at the request of the next-of-kin, cannulas are placed into blood vessels for postmortem cooling of organs and the person is removed from life support. Once death has been declared, the organs are rapidly perfused with cold preservative solution and surgically removed. The uncontrolled donor is a person declared dead because of catastrophic injury to the heart, such as a gunshot wound to the heart. Cannulas are placed into blood vessels after death and the organs are perfused and removed. This also requires consent of next-of-kin.
universal donor a person whose blood is type O in the ABO blood group system; such blood is sometimes used in emergency transfusion. Transfusion of blood cells rather than whole blood is preferred.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

u·ni·ver·sal do·nor

in blood grouping, a person belonging to group O; that is, one whose erythrocytes do not contain either agglutinogen A or B and are, therefore, not agglutinated by plasma containing either of the ordinary isoagglutinins.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

universal donor

n.
A person who has group O blood and is therefore able to serve as a donor to a person of any other blood group in the ABO system.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
A person with blood group O, whose erythrocytes lack A and B antigens and thus do not elicit a haemolytic transfusion reaction when the blood is transfused to a person with blood group A, B, AB or O
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

universal donor

Transfusion medicine A person with blood group O, whose RBCs lack A and B antigens and thus do not elicit a hemolytic transfusion reaction when the blood is transfused to a person with blood group A, B, AB or O. Cf Universal recipient.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

u·ni·ver·sal do·nor

(yū'ni-vĕr'săl dō'nŏr)
In blood grouping, a person belonging to group O, i.e., one whose erythrocytes contain neither agglutinogen A nor B and are Rh negative.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

uni·ver·sal do·nor

(yū'ni-vĕr'săl dō'nŏr)
In blood grouping, a person belonging to group O.
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
The aim of the 3million project is to develop an alternative source of O-negative blood, the universal donor group that can be transfused into the vast majority of the population without fear of rejection.
"There's a critical need for all types of blood types, especially O-negative (the universal donor)."
O negative is regarded as the universal donor group which can be transfused into anyone without fear of rejection.
I really want to because I would be a universal donor."
The bank is down to a two-day supply of Type O blood, the "universal donor" blood that can be given to anyone in an emergency, she said.
Any technology that would convert blood to a true universal donor type must take another characteristic, Rh factor, into account.
Cellenkos is a clinical-stage biotechnology company focused on developing universal donor cell therapeutics derived from cord blood for the treatment of autoimmune diseases and inflammatory conditions.
Kevin D'Amour, PhD, vice president of Research and chief scientific officer for ViaCyte, said, 'The universal donor pluripotent stem cell line will represent a tremendous asset to ViaCyte, and the regenerative medicine field in general, and we are grateful to CIRM for their continued support to advance this new approach.
Using a genome editing approach, the company engineers stem cells to prevent expression of polymorphic human leukocyte antigen (HLA) molecules, removing the cause of donor tissue rejection and creating Universal Donor Stem Cells that are compatible with every patient.
A blood can be given to A and AB people, B blood to B and AB people, O blood can be given to everyone and is known as the "universal donor" and AB blood can be given only to AB people.
Donors with O Negative blood make up around 7% of the population and are known as the "universal donor" as their blood can safely be given to patients with a different blood group.
When told that he was an universal donor, he smiled and replied, "I try to give, always receiving is not the proper thing".

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