unilateral hydronephrosis

unilateral hydronephrosis

Nephrology Distention of the pelvis and calyces of a single kidney because urine can't drain into the bladder Etiology Unilateral ureteral obstruction, vesicoureteric reflux, kidney stones. See Hydronephrosis.
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An ultrasound was considered to be abnormal if there was documented presence of renal or ureteric stone and/or unilateral hydronephrosis.
Patients with mild unilateral hydronephrosis can be managed without surgical intervention and can monitor closely on medical therapy alone.
We report a case of POUR in a female resulting in severe unilateral hydronephrosis with perinephric urinoma due to a ruptured fornix.
Because only minor changes in laboratory findings may be observed in patients with unilateral hydronephrosis, consider renal ultrasonography.
Ultrasonography showed unilateral hydronephrosis in 52 patients and bilateral in 12.
The long-term follow-up of newborns with severe unilateral hydronephrosis initially treated nonoperatively.
Of the 10 fetuses with follow-up data, the option of termination was offered in 6 cases of anhydramnios, including 3 cases with signs of infravesical obstruction (a possible posterior urethral valve (PUV) and poor prognostic factors and 3 cases with unilateral hydronephrosis and increased echogenicity in the contralateral kidney.
As this study dealt with ureteric obstruction which is mostly responsible for a unilateral hydronephrosis so comparison of both the sides for this purpose was also a reliable step in ascertaining the hydronephrosis 17,18.
The management of a newly delivered baby who has been diagnosed prenatally with unilateral hydronephrosis begins with a careful physical examination, by a repeat ultrasound of the kidneys, and by immediately starting a small daily dose of an antibiotic.
Post-operatively the patient was noted to have haematuria with rising serum creatinine levels with unilateral hydronephrosis on ultrasound.
There were only two serious abnormalities noted, unilateral hydronephrosis and a calcified renal mass, and these were detected by the urogram.

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