In areas, where human population expansion has laid stress on shrinking population of ungulates
and their habitats, these species are at threat of extermination within few years (Michel, 2008).
We confirmed the strong spatial clustering of bovine TB in wildlife and identified risk factors related to red deer density, intensity of wild ungulate
management, historical population dynamics of wild boar, and incidence of bovine TB in cattle.
Blue sheep, Alashan red deer and musk deer (Moschus chrysogaster) are mainly three kinds of ungulates
distributed in the Helan Mountains, while the number of musk deer has dropped sharply since the 1880s, it is quite rare at present (Liu 2009).
This is more so because no pure grazer was in this ungulate
herbivory across forest landscapes: a browsing extension for LANDIS-II.--Ecol.
Like other temperate region ungulates
, blue sheep are active during the daytime and rest at night (Sayre and Seabloom, 1994), they devote a lot of time to feeding (Liu et al., 2005).
He also said that the exchange of ideas would benefit the drafting of policies, that are necessary for the protection of mountain ungulates
, which in many cases are endangered species.
Wolves modulate soil nutrient heterogeneity and foliar nitrogen by configuring the distribution of ungulate
ABSTRACT: Browse use surveys such as the twig-length method typically used to assess browsing by ungulates
are time-consuming and costly.
Wolves (Canis lupus) are efficient, coursing predators whose ability to maintain kill rates at the level needed to meet nutritional requirements allows them to persist down to low ungulate
densities (0.11 moose/[km.sup.2]) or biomass of food (0.66 ungulate
biomass index, or UBI/[km.sup.2]; Lake et al., 2013).
In the surveyed areas its density is perhaps lowest (0.03 animals' km-2) amongst all ungulate
During studies throughout the Southwest, we often observed desert ungulates
consuming succulents, especially during drought (Fig.