Flowchart of field research data from the investigation of deaths from ill-defined causes to the reclassification of the underlying cause of death
, by form used to conduct the investigation.
For case-patients who died during the acute phase, the most common underlying cause of death
was infectious (181 deaths; 62.6%); 142 deaths (49.1%) were specifically attributed to complications from WNV infection (ICD-10 code A923) (Figure 1).
In a letter to Mr Ashworth, national statistician John Pullinger, chief executive of the UK Statistics Authority, said: "Malnutrition may be recorded as the underlying cause of death
, but this is a rare occurrence.
There must always be an entry on Line A, which is the immediate cause of death that may also be the underlying cause of death
. The opportunity to provide additional information on the form, when utilized, should be in sequence.
There are 7 records in the AFMR reporting mucormycosis/zygomycosis as the underlying cause of death
. This is the second most common fungal disease in immunocompromised patients, but some opportunistic species infect immunocompetent hosts.
Data included underlying cause of death
, age, sex, race/ethnicity, country of birth, place of death, and census tract of residence.
Errors in the death certification process affect selection and coding of underlying cause of death
and ultimately impact on mortality statistics (Myers& Farquhar 1998).
The chronic lack of nutrients leads to the deaths of 8,000 children each day, making it the biggest underlying cause of death
in the under fives, according to Britain's development ministry.
Approximately 500 children from nine schools of Sana'a will participate in the marathon, with the aim to highlight and raise awareness about hunger and malnutrition- an underlying cause of death
for thousands of children each year all over the world.
The WHO defines an underlying cause of death
as 'the disease or injury which initiated the train of morbid events leading directly to death or the circumstances of the accident or violence which produced the fatal injury'.
A PD outcome was measured as an inpatient admission with a diagnosis of PD or an underlying cause of death
listed as PD.
"In those circumstances the correct conclusion for me to record in law as to the underlying cause of death
is an open conclusion.