For the purpose of this study, gifted underachievers
and advanced underachievers
were identified through teacher-researcher comparison of discrepancies between individual academic grades, standardized test scores, and in-class observations of student-demonstrated potential, ability, and performance during activities; discussions; and high student-interest assignments (Dowdall & Colangelo, 1982).
Previous research suggests that underachievers
appear to display negative attitudes toward school (Bruns, 1992; Clark, 1988; Diaz, 1998; Ford, 1996; Frankel, 1965; Mandel & Marcus, 1988; McCall Evahn, & Kratzer, 1992; Rimm, 1995).
The accompanying text said that the first plane had contained '23 immature underachievers
who complained about being tired and missing their families after two weeks in a luxury hotel', while the other 'carried the coffins of seven fallen soldiers who had spent months away from their loved ones, living in tents in a war zone.
The Dutch have been labelled underachievers
, but the same was said of Spain before Euro 2008.
Dynamo are consistent underachievers
at this level, but buoyed by taking the league title back from Shakhtar, reaching the Uefa Cup semi-finals and starting the season in fine form, perhaps there is a greater air of confidence this time.
Higham (right) returns to face St Helens for the first time in a Warrington shirt well aware of the task facing Super League's biggest underachievers
Now racing - like parliament - needs a proper programme book to prevent liberties from being taken and underachievers
from working the system.
Table-tennis fanatic Tilson (above) needed a way to fire up his underachievers
- and found it on the training ground ping-pong table.
OXFORD are living up to their perennial underachievers
tag, but they are a tough nut to crack at the Kassam Stadium and are worth backing to beat Kidderminster this evening.
Spain may be underachievers
on the big stage but if they get it right then it could be them.
2 Having thrown off the 'perennial underachievers
' tag, Spain are in danger of being labelled the 'new Germany'.
Magpies owner Mike Ashley has ordered a cull of underachievers
and sold Turkey midfielder Emre to Fenerbahce at the weekend, as well as releasing Stephen Carr along with youngsters Peter Ramage and James Troisi.