Radiographic studies indicated moderate osteopenia, mild degenerative disc disease from T4-T9, mild uncovertebral
arthrosis at C5-C6 and a mild s-shaped thoracolumbar curve (<15 [degrees] Cobb angle) (See Figure 1).
Comparison of clinical and radiographic outcome in instrumented anterior cervical discectomy and fusion with or without direct uncovertebral
degenarative changes of the uncovertebral
and zygapophyseal joints (70-75% of cases) (3,A,8).
X rays showed no instability but demonstrated moderate degenerative disc disease at C5-C6 with uncovertebral
hypertrophic spurring on the left at C5-C6.
Each segment of the subaxial spine allows for coupled rotation and lateral bending, due to the unique shape of the uncovertebral articulation and facet joints, which further increases the functional range of cervical motion.
Radiographs may reveal degenerative changes, neuroforaminal stenosis due to uncovertebral or zygoapophyseal joint arthropathy, hypermobility, instability, and frequently, postural dysfunction, as evidenced by loss of cervical lordosis.
The cervical radiographs (Figures 1A, 1B, and 1C) revealed: 1) atlantodental space measured 6 mm, indicating anterior atlantoaxial subluxation and potential sagittal atlantoaxial instability, with borderline spinal stenosis at C1; 2) degenerative disc disease from C3-7 with central stenosis at C4 and C5; 3) moderate uncovertebral
arthrosis at C3-4, C4-5, C5-6 and C6-7; 4) postural alterations; 5) moderate osteopenia; and 6) arteriosclerosis of aortic knob.
Beyin manyetik rezonans (MR) goruntulemesinde belirgin patoloji izlenmedi, servikal MR goruntulemesinde yogun dejeneratif degisikliklere eslik eden C2-3, 3-4 posterosantral protruzyon ve subaraknoid mesafede darlik, C3-4 de sinir koku, spinal kord basisi ve myelomalazi, C4-5 ve 5-6'da diffuz bulging, C6-7 posterosantral sol paramedian protruzyon ve eslik eden uncovertebral
bileske hipertrofisi ile birlikte sol sinir koku ve spinal kord basisi, C7-T1 posterosantral protruzyon, spinal kanal boyutlarinda C3-4 duzeyinde daha belirgin olmak uzere tum seviyelerde azalma izlendi.
The radiographs showed mild uncovertebral
joint degeneration bilaterally at C6 and on the right at C4, mild degenerative disc disease was present at C5-6 and mild facet joint degeneration from C3-6.