Electron micrographs of human umbilical vein
endothelial cells (HUVECs) in each group.
Endothelial microparticlehypoxia-inhibited migration and angiogenesis of human umbilical vein
Computerized Tomography (CT) scan of her abdomen and pelvis with contrast (Figure 1) was performed to confirm our diagnosis but instead it revealed a thin-walled gall bladder, stranding adjacent to the pancreatic tail and a 3 cm reduced attenuation structure, which was thought to represent an acute thrombosis of the umbilical vein
. There was no evidence of collection.
Hornberger et al., "Agenesis of the ductus venosus that is associated with extrahepatic umbilical vein
drainage: Prenatal features and clinical outcome," American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology, vol.
Human umbilical vein
segments were decellularised using the ionic detergent Sodium Dodecyl Sulphate (SDS).
Galper, "Human umbilical vein
endothelial cells and human dermal microvascular endothelial cells offer new insights into the relationship between lipid metabolism and angiogenesis," Stem Cell Reviews, vol.
(a-c) Three different compartments in human umbilical cord: umbilical arteries (UCA) (a), umbilical vein
(UCV) (b), and Wharton's jelly (WJ) (c).
Chavez-Munguia et al., "Commercial single-walled carbon nanotubes effects in fibrinolysis of human umbilical vein
endothelial cells," Toxicology In Vitro, vol.
Intriguingly, eNOS protein abundance and activator phosphorylation ([Ser.sup.1177]) are higher in HUVECs from LOPE pregnancies , findings complemented by elevated nitrate/nitrite ratio in human umbilical vein
serum [62, 63], but contrary to the reported lower nitrate/nitrite ratio  and NOS-generation of L-citrulline from L-arginine (index of NOS activity)  in this cell type.
miR-222, firstly discovered in human umbilical vein
endothelial cells (HUVECs), has been reported to play important roles in epithelial tumors evidenced by its frequently increased expressions in epithelial tumors .
Therefore, it has no clinical values.2,3 Velamentous umbilical cord entry locates at free embryonic membrane outside the placental edge, and umbilical vein
twists through amnion and chorion and then goes deep in the placenta.4 Without the protection of wharton jelly, the rupture and embolization of umbilical vessels are more likely to happen.
Colour Doppler sonography revealed the umbilical vein
draining into the portal sinus with non-visualisation of the DV, which would connect the portal sinus with the inferior vena cava (IVC) (Figs 1C and 1D).