tyrosine kinase inhibitor


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tyrosine kinase inhibitor

n.
Any of a class of drugs, such as imatinib, that target and block the action of specific tyrosine kinases and are used especially in the treatment of chronic myelogenous leukemia and other cancers.
References in periodicals archive ?
With the advent of tyrosine kinase inhibitors with efficacy against only specific mutations, detecting these mutations has become increasingly important in the clinical laboratory setting.
Small molecules functioning as tyrosine kinase inhibitors are used to block EGFR signaling.
This form of EGFR-activating mutation is generally associated with resistance to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors although insertions at or before position 768 can be associated with sensitivity.
Small-molecule tyrosine kinase inhibitors expose cells to anti-cancer drugs because they block ABC transporter efflux.
It has a more aggressive course than CML and is often treated with a combination of chemotherapy and tyrosine kinase inhibitors.
Inhibition of EGFR may be achieved by a variety of mechanisms including utilising antisense or small interference RNA to suppress EGFR gene expression [14], the use of tyrosine kinase inhibitors that target the intracellular tyrosine kinase domain, or the use of monoclonal antibodies that target the extracellular domain and inhibit ligand binding.
More recently, a Phase II study presented at the 2007 annual meeting of the American Society of Clinical Oncology examined the use of a VEGF receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor, axitinib, in addition to docetaxel (80 mg/[m.
JAVELIN Renal 100 is a Phase Ib, open-label, multicentre, multiple-dose study investigating avelumab in combination with INLYTA (axitinib), a tyrosine kinase inhibitor from Pfizer, for the treatment of treatment-naAaAaAeA patients with advanced RCC.
IRESSA is an EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor that acts by blocking the transmission of signals involved in the growth and spread of tumours.
Imatinib mesylate: Gleevec[R], Novartis; a tyrosine kinase inhibitor approved in 2001 to treat CML; now standard of care
If approved, we believe that ponatinib will become an important new medicine for CML and Ph+ ALL patients who have become resistant or intolerant to prior tyrosine kinase inhibitor therapy.

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