Chapter 4, 'Variations et invariance', deals with the crucial interest of the language typologist
: what do languages have in common, where do they differ?
(6) I use the term "typologist
" loosely here: not in the specific sense of the Catholic tradition of interpreting the New Testament as fulfilling the "antitypes" of the Old Testament, nor in the Classical sense of Virgil's interpreting Roman history in terms of Trojan history in the Aeneid, but in the secular sense of Northrop Frye, who conceives all of literature as forming a coherent system, except that Emerson sees thought and life itself as part of a vast system of correspondences.
Rollston, "The Dating of the Early Royal Byblian Phoenician Inscriptions: A Response to Benjamin Sass," Maaruv 15 : 57-93); (2) though the Biblian texts are of undoubted importance, the basic problem is that their dating is not fixed archaeologically--but down-dating these texts would seem to entail, on the part of a typologist
, a parallel down-dating of the entire early Northwest Semitic corpus of inscriptions in scripts that are supposed to have been borrowed from the Phoenician (Aramaic, Hebrew, Moabite ...) and of which at least some may be dated archaeologically or historically.
's mania for classification is not always helpful, but Nunning's generic distinctions do facilitate a differentiated understanding of the texts discussed in subsequent chapters.
Certainly I do not mean to imply, as a whig or a typologist
might, that the earlier issue of Studies in the Novel was in some way a harbinger of the present collection, or, worse, that what textualists are doing now is just what textualists were doing then.
Here he adopts a broad racial typology that was formulated in the eighteenth century by the eminent Swedish botanist and typologist
Carl Linnaeus (Beresford and Omaji 1998:32).
At any moment in the evolution of an artificial language, the researcher can play the role of an "artificial language typologist
" and describe the evolved grammar.
A good typologist
, on the other hand, will also show thorough expertise in a number of individual philologies.
Since clauses like the phonetician gave the book or the typologist
gave to the boy are marginal in English (although possible under the right pragmatic conditions), while the likes of I bought a book and I took the book are perfectly fine, English seems to give more prominence to the number of participants (rather than semantic roles) in the encoding of three-participant events.
In general, this excellent book is a must for every Oceanist, for every Austronesianist, and for every typologist
and comparativist interested in SVCs.
Next in line, and of equal rank, is Sapir, whose importance for the structural description of American Indian languages, as a typologist
, and for his contribution to the linguistic relativity hypothesis is outlined by Golla (pp.
My undergraduate degree was a combination of linguistics, philosophy, mathematics, and computer science, so I have a more formal background than most typologists
. As a graduate student, I attend a summer LSA institute and took a course in typology from Ed Keenan.