In labs, studios and shops, students floss the teeth of a typodont
; roll curlers into the hair of a mannequin; and take apart and put back together an engine.
The "in process" evaluation was a 2-hour session in which each participant was assigned, on a typodont
, a total of 16 teeth to be completed in a timed 1-hour debridement segment (Figure 4).
Muretic, "Computer anchorage analysis of digitized picture of modified typodont
," Collegium Antropologicum, vol.
Comparison of frictionalforces during the initial leveling stage in various combinations of self-ligation brackets and archwires with a customdesigned typodont
Henao and Kusy [37, 38] utilized a dental typodont
including different teeth with fixed levels of malocclusion.
Kusy, Frictional evaluations of dental typodont
models using four self-ligating designs and a conventional design, Angle Orthod, 75(1), 75-85(2005).
They practiced on a typodont
first and subsequently on adult volunteers until they became proficient in obtaining intra-oral images.
A machined, circular stainless steel standard die was prepared in the position of mandibular right second premolar, in a typodont
* While students in this study expressed initial reservations about performing their first injection on a human model, they came to prefer a human model over a typodont
after practising the procedure.
One-third of the root was covered with a mixture of modeling wax and sticky wax in the ratio 1:1 and the remaining portion was embedded in the self-cure acrylic, which formed the base of the typodont
. Begg brackets were bonded on each tooth and buccal tubes were bonded on the molars using an adhesive (Super Glue).
One participant reported, "If you don't know how to explain [something that comes up in the process of care] you can pull up the model [or diagrams] and use them." Another student stated while others concurred, "Use more visuals or models such as the typodont
, throughout the appointment ...
(2) This is similar to the education of hygienists today, where students use typodont
models to learn and master scalers and curettes, grasp, fulcrum and strokes before being introduced to a live patient.