NE almost always involves the cecum, hence sometimes being called "typhlitis
," but involvement can extend to other parts of the colon as well .
resulting from treatment with taxol and doxorubicin in patients with metastatic breast cancer.
About 6% of the patients also had evidence of typhlitis
The remaining 13 patients were kept in the hospital due to the following reasons: febrile neutropenia (4 patients), bacterial sepsis (4 patients), typhlitis
(2 patients), enterocolitis (1 patient), and respiratory failure needing ECMO (1 patient).
Her abdominal CT scan was consistent with typhlitis
The affected gut becomes oedematous, thick walled; with mucosal ulceration, ecchymoses, fibrin exudates, and partial to full thickness haemorrhagic necrosis often discovered only at autopsy.3 Most of the earlier reports have focused on typhlitis
, which may be regarded as a localized form of neutropenic enterocolitis limited to caecal inflammation.2,3 The disease spectrum varies from a mild self limiting form of disease to fatal transmural pathology.
observations Pathologic findings 1 Age 48 d, enteric Enterocolitis syndrome 2 Age 35 d, enteric Enterocolitis syndrome 3 Age 55 d, enteric Enteritis with tracts syndrome; fatal in containing fluids and 24 h tract filled with feces 4 NA Catarral enteritis 5 Age 51 d, enteric Enterocolitis with syndrome, high swollen colon mortality 6 Age 51 d, enteric Enteritis syndrome, high mortality 7 Age 51 d, enteric Enterocolitis, with syndrome swollen colon 8 NA Catarral enteritis 9 NA Typhlitis
and colitis, swollen tracts of the gut with fluid content 10 NA Catharral enteritis Bacteriologic Parasitologic Sample findings findings no.
is an inflammatory condition of the cecum and ascending colon in immunocompromised patients (Figure 14).
Indications are typhlitis
, continuous vomiting, inability to access the GIT and diarrhoea.
Other differential diagnoses include inflammatory bowel disease, colitis, typhlitis
, carcinoid or other bowel tumour, and pelvic inflammatory disease in females.
in chickens caused by spirochetes.
The symptoms do not fit the typical picture of necrotizing inflammation of the caecum typhlitis
seen in leukemia patients (Lancet 355:281-83, 2000).